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CHALLENGES OF PRISON FARM MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA

By Irenonsen Oyaimare Uddin, Edwin Mbadiwe Igbokwe, et al

CHALLENGES OF PRISON FARM MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA

Published: 02/06/2019

Tags: prison farm; short-term prisoners; correctional staff; recidivism; agriculture; prison-based programs

Size: 240.03KB

Co—ordination Between Agricultural Research Institute and the Extension Service in Imo State

By Otuokere, Richard Ifeanyichukwu

Co-ordination between a g r i c u l t u r a l research i n s t i t u t e s
and t h e extension s e r v i c e is considered very important i f
a g r i c u l t u r e ~ tb e developed i n Ni g e r i a . T h i s s t u d y t h e r e -
fore focussed i t s a t t e n t i o n on determining t h e n a t u r e ,
extent and problems of co-ordination between research and
extension i n Imo S t a t e .
The study made use of two different and validated sets of
questionnaires which w a s administered t o t h e staff of t h e
agencies. The respondents included: (a) T h i r t y (30)
research s c i e n t i s t s from N.R.C .R .I. Umudike, NIMORT Okigwe
and N . C . R . I . Amakama; and (b) one hundred (100) extension
s t a f f .
The processing of d a t a and statistical a n a l y s i s involved
determination of group mean, standard d e v i a t i o n , chi-square,
B m K s
Spearman c o r r e l a t i o n c o e f f i c i e n t and percentage d i s t r i b u t i o n
-/
t a b l e .
The study showed t h a t :
There was a higher level of e d u c a t h a l
q u a l i f i c a t i o n among t h e research s c i e n t i s t s
than t h e extension s t a f f .

Published: 07/07/1988

Size: 3.82MB

Potentials of Interorganisational Relationships Between Bank and Extension Organisations in Agricultural Credit Administration in Imo State

By Otuokere, Richard Ifeanyichukwu

Potentials of Interorganisational
Relationships Between Bank and Extension
Organisations in Agricultural Credit
Administration in Imo State

Published: 07/03/1991

Tags: interorganizational relationship

Size: 23.89MB

An Assignment of the Training Component of the Training and Visit (T&V) System in Imo State Agricultural Development project (IADP)

By Osuagwu, Cornelius Nwokocha

ABSTRACT
The study assessed the t r a i n i n g component of
the Training and V i s i t system i n Imo s t a t e
Agricultural Development Project, The purpose was
t o examine the knowledge delivery techniques used
and the a v a i l a b i l i t y of i n s t r u c t ~ o n a l aids. It
also determined the relevance of t h e t r a i n i n g and
i d e n t i f i e d the problems confronting the programme,
The study covered the six a g r i c u l t u r a l Zones
i n Imo s t a t e and made use of a l l the 20 subject
matter s p e c i a l i s t s that attend the Monthly Technology
Review Meeting. It also used q5O Extension
staff from three Zones of the S t a t e who a t t e n d t h e
fortnightly training,
4 validated questionnaire as we31 as p a r t i c i p a n t
observation by the researcher were u t i l i z e d i n
c o l l e c t i n g d a t a f o r the study. S t a t i s t i c a l techniques
such as percentages, mean scores, rank orders as
well as t - t e s t were used t o analyse data,
The major findings of the sku0 are t h a t s i x
knowledge delivery techniques namely: Lecture,
p r a c t i c a l o r i e n t a t i o n , samples and Examples, Trainee

Published: 07/09/1991

Size: 12.75MB

Factors Associated with Fruit Processing Among Women Groups in Benue State

By Ogbonnah, Elizabeth Ene

Factors Associated with Fruit Processing Among
Women Groups in Benue State

Published: 07/05/2018

Tags: fruit processing

Size: 1.58MB

The Role of Rural Women Groups in Agricultural Production in Abakaliki Zone of Ebonyi State

By Obieri, Anthonia Uzoamaka

Shortage of labour has been traced variously to lack of
money to hire labour, increased enrolment of youth into
schools, as well as rural-urban migration of a more productive
labour force. This study aimed at studying the roles of women
groups in agricultural production in Abakaliki zone of Ebonyi
State. The study covered three Local Government Areas:
Ohaukwu, Abakaliki and Izzi. A total of 90 women groups and
non-group members were sampled for the study. Frequency
scoqes, percentages, means and factor analysis were used for
data analysis. The result shows that women groups have been
existing before Nigeria's Independence to uphold certain
functions. However, there was no particular rule for the
formation since two or more women who are in dynamic
interrelation with one another can form a group. The criteria
for membership in a group is determined by the composition of
the members of such groups. The formal groups have
constitutions, objectives and officials to sustain their
groups but the informal groups do not have such, as a result
of this they disengage after each farming season. It was
found that women's labour constituted about 84% of the total.
labour used in farm operation even though more of women's time
is used for domestic chores and child care. As a result of
this women resorted to exchange labour groups which offers
them economics of time. Moreso, women in groups have more
access to agricultural information. In addition, group
facilitate adoption of new techniques. However, it was found
that appropriate technology, land, time, mobility and
education were general constraints to women farmers.

Published: 07/12/1996

Tags: women, agricultural production

Size: 967.49KB

The Socio-Economic Characteristics of Rice Farmers in Aninri L. G. A. of Enugu State, Nigeria

By Nwugo, Dominic Ifeanyichukwu

The study investigated the socio-economic characteristics of the rice farmers in Aninri
L.G.A. The target population was all the rice farmers in Aninri L.G.A. of Enugu State. From
two villages randomly selected in the study area, 40 rice farmers were randomly chosen and
studied. Data were collected by the use of interview schedules developed and validated. Data
were analysed by the use of frequency counts, mean scores and percentages. Also the correlation
co-efficient was used in the analysis of data. The study examined the rice production
technologies adopted by the rice farmers, the source of information and supply of rice production
technologies, It also examined the relationship between adoption and such farmers' socioeconomic
variables as gender, marital status, age, rice farming experience, level of education,
tenural status, farm size, household size and income realizable from rice. Finally, further
characteristics of the rice farmers was measured by comparing the allocation of resources to rice
in relation to other crops grown as majors. Equally, the characteristics of the rice farmers were
measured by comparing farmers' rice production output and adoption decision including
examination of the cropping syst~ml,a bour sourcing, source of input supply as well as source of
' information. The study showed that there had been shift in cropping system from mixed
cropping to catch cropping system. The investigation also showed that about 70.00 percent of
the rice farmers had supply of improved varieties of rice from friends and neighbours while
fertilizer, insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides were supplied by private dealers. Friends and
neighbours were the most widely used source of information.
The study also showed that the most adopted rice production technologies were planting of
improved varieties and the use of fertilizer, and the least adopted technology was the test of soil
before planting. The results of correlation coefficient technique showed that income realizable
from rice, farm size, rice farming experience and leveI of education demonstrated the most direct
relationship with the adoption offrice production technologies. The study also discovered that
rice was being allocated greater amount of land, fertiIizer and capital expenditure on labour.
Rice production output was highly positive and significantly correlated to the adoption of rice
VII
technologies. There had been greater involvement of hired, in rice production
operations attributed to low stamina needed for the and less
cultural importance attached to rice as a crop. The study recommended intensification of the
activities of extension services; introduction of a planned programme on the use of herbicides; a
prbgrarnrne to reduce high demand for fertilizer; intensive use of radio for information
dissemination; and a programme to accommodate the cultivation of other food crops be
developed and introduced in the study area.

Published: 07/12/1998

Size: 6.88MB

A Study of the Input Delivery System of the Anambra State Agricultural Development Programme

By Nwankwo, Jude O.

A Study of the Input Delivery System of the
Anambra State Agricultural Development
Programme

Published: 07/03/1994

Size: 2.70MB

Adoption of Gender-Specific Innovations by Women in Gombe State

By Musa, Abigail Pinu

The ~minpu rpose of this study was to detennine the level of adoption of selected
gender-specific innovations in Gombe State.
A structured interview schedule, administered to eighty-nine (89) women in ten
(10) randomly selected blocks in the state, was the major instrument used for data
collection. The data were analysed using simple descriptive statistics.
The results of the study showed that there was generally low level of adoption for
most of the innovations except for processing and utilization of soyaheans and processing
and utilization of vegetables. Also, most women were not aware of the innovations
especially Improved Local Stove and Groundnut oil Extractor. 'The results also revealed
that clients were receptive to extension agents and viewed demonstrations as the main
sources or method of information influencing the adoption of gender-specific innovations.
Adoption of the innovations was influenced by varied factors, the major being the
ease of use of the innovations. Also Cosl of use, l>~fficultyo f Usc ad Lack of Funds
were the major prohlen~s associated with the adoption of the i~muvations.
It was, iherel'ure, recommended that innovations with low Icvel of adoption be reintroduced
and effort intensified to raise the level 01' awareness thro~1g1a1l leviating most
of problems inhibiting adoption, and using hc appropriate methods of communication
such as use of extension agents and dernrmirictions so as to achieve high level of
adoption.

Published: 07/02/1998

Size: 1.49MB

Farmer-Related Factors Influencing the Adoption of Agricultural Innovation in Imo State

By Iwueke, Christopher Chijioke

Deopiti? a13 ei'rorts ~adeby the Federal and
S t a t e ~:overnb!oncs tc stimul.aic aw' yeneraif; increased
agriculiui~al productjon i n r"ige:ria, improvement i n
the agricuLLvra1. sector bas re::ponGerl:; conprlsed 420 farmers randomly
s e l e c t e d from 12 Local Oovernnent Areas and 108
autonomous communities i n t h e nix a g r i c u l t u r a l zones
of Inio State. '['he stctistical a n a l y s i s involved

Published: 07/06/1987

Tags: agricultural innovation

Size: 8.94MB

Trends in Sweetpotato Production Utilization And Marketing Among Households in Southeastern Nigeria

By Ezeano, Caleb Ike

Trends in Sweetpotato Production Utilization And Marketing Among Households in Southeastern Nigeria

Published: 07/10/2018

Tags: production, marketing

Size: 15.38MB

Comparative Analysis of the Job Performance of Extension Professional in Abia and Akwa Ibom States’ Agricultural Development Programmes

By Ekumankama, Oji Onu

'The study was designed to make a comparative study on the job performance of
extension professionals in Abia and Akwa Ibom states' ADPs. The study also highlighted
and compared the personal characteristics, organizational confidence, job-related tension,
and coping behaviours of extension professionals in both states' ADPs. All the extension
agents (EAs), block extension agents (BEAs), block extension supervisors (BESs), and
7onal extension officers (ZEOs) in Abia and Akwa Ibom states' ADPs constituted the
population. On the whole, one hundred and eighty six (186) randomly selected
respondents made up of 128 EAs, 26 BEAs, 28 BESs and 4 ZEOs constituted the sample
size. Five sets of structured questionnaire for EAs, BEAs, BESs, ZEOs, and chief
extension officers (CEOs) respectively, were utilized for data collection. Percentages,
mean scores, ranking, Pearson correlation coefficient, and I-test were the statistical tools
employed in analysing the data. The findings show that the job performance of each of
the EAs, BEAs, and BESs in Abia and Akwa Ibom states' ADPs was rated average. The
job performance of the ZEOs in both states' ADPs was rated high. Majority of the EAs,
BEAs, BESs, and ZEOs in Abia and Akwa Ibom states' ADPs were sometimes satisfied
with ADP as their organization. Majority of the EAs, BEAs, and ZEOs in Abia and Akwa
Ibom states' ADPs were sometimes worried about many of the job-related tension
variables such as lack of promotion opportunities, too much work, inadequate training,
unaware of supervisor's expectations, fear of retrenchment and so on. Most of the BESs
in Abia state ADP were also sometimes. worried about many of the job-related tension
indices unlike their counterparts in Akwa Ibom state ADP who were rarely worried about
many of these indices. Majority of the EAs and BEAs in Abia state ADP dealt sometimes
with job-related tension by using many of the coping behavioural variables such as
talking with friends, spouse and relatives," in\.:ohement in religious activities, seeking
professional help, leaving problems at work among others. In comparison, the EAs and
BEAs in Akwa Ibom state ADP dealt rarely with job-related tension by using many of
these variables. Most BESs in both states' ADPs also dealt rarely with job-related tension
by using many of the coping behavioural variables. The %EOs in Abia state ADP dealt
rarely with job-related tension by using many of the coping behavioural variables while
their colleagues in Akwa Ibom state ADP dealt sometimes with job-related tension by
xvii
using many of these variables. Level of formal education of EAs in both states' ADPs
was significantly associated with job performance. The extension experience of BEAs
and BESs in Abia state ADP was a strong predicator of job performance unlike the
selected personal characteristics (age, level of formal education, household size, and
extension experience) of BEAs and BESs in Akwa Ibo111 state ADP which were poor
indicators of job performance. The selected personal characteristics of EAs in both states'
ADPs excepting age of EAs in Akwa Ibom state ADP were strong predicators of
organizational confidence. The selected personal characteristics of BEAs in Abia state
ADP were not significantly correlated with organizational confidence whereas age, level
of formal education, and household size of BEAs in Akwa Ibom State ADP were strong
indicators of organizational confidence. Only household si~oef BESs in Abia state ADP
was a strong predicator of organizational confidence. In comparison, level of formal
education and household size of BESs in Altwa Iboin state ADP were significantly
associated with organizational confidence. Age, level of formal education, and household
size of EAs in both states' ADPs excepting age of EAs in Abia state ADP were
significantly correlated with job-related tension. The personal characteristics of BEAs
and BESs in both states' ADPs excluding household size of BEAs in Akwa Ibom state
ADP were strong indicators of job-related tension. Level of formal education, household
size, and extension experience of EAs in both states' ADPs were strong predicators of
i
coping behaviours. Level of formal education and extension experience of BEAs in Abia
state ADP compared with age and extension experience of their counterparts in Altwa ., ,+>.*f. ,t. , .+*
Ibom state ADP were significantly associated with coping behaviours. Level of formal
education, household size, and extension experience 01' BESs in Abia state ADP
compared with age and extension experience of BESs in Altwa Ibom state ADP were
strong indicators of coping behaviours. Alge, hwsehold six, and extension experience of
ZEOs in both states' ADPs were significantly associated with job performance,
organizational confidence, job-related tension, and coping behavioural variables. The
study recommends that policies should be designed to improve the level of formal
education of EAs through greater participation of EAs in in-service training courses.
Extension professionals who are more experienced in extension work should be retained
and encouraged in their bid to ensure effective extension contact with farming groups.
xviii
The ADPs under study should ensure that good and balanced working conditions are
prevalent in their organizations for the purposes of lowering job-related tension and
promoting organizational confidence of extension professionals and ultimately improving
their job performance.

Published: 07/04/2018

Tags: extensiion professional, agricultural developmental programme

Size: 7.70MB

Linkages in the Agricultural Innovation Transfer Sub-System in Southeastern Nigeria

By Dimelu, M.u.

The study was designed to ascertain the characteristics of government and nongovemental
organization in the agricultura1 innovation transfer sub-system,
{interims of source of funding, technical information, human resource situation,
extension strategies and practices); identify linkage mechanisms, types and
arr~ngementsw ith relevant agencies, identify possible arrangement and strategies for
functional and effective linkages, and determine constraints to linkages among the
organizations. The study was carried out in southeastern agra-ecological zone of
Nigcria. Extension administrators, directors/chief executives, extension agencies of
government and non-governmental agencies eanstiltuted the population for the study.
A totaI sample size of 210 respondents, made up of 60 (ADPs), 60 (LGs), 60 Iprofit
NGOs) 30 (non-profit NGOs) respondent were used. Two sets of validated
questionnaires were used for data collection. Percentage, mean scores, Duncan
Multiple Range Test, (DMRT), factor analysis, analysis of variance and Pearson
correlation coefficient were used for data analysis. The agencies in the agricultural
innovation transfer sub-system were characterized by inadequate and poor quality
human resource, low staff morale and law job satisfaction. Majority (50%) of the nonprofit
NGOs had participated in in-service training more than 4 times, while extension
workers from ADPs (57.9%), LGs (57.8%) and profit NGOs (50.0%) had no training
for the past 3 to 5 years. The agencies provided several services to the farmers such as
provision of free extension advice, provision of credit or information on credit
procurement, mobilization of farmers into groups, farmers training and others. Several
infrastmcture were identified in the agencies by the respondent namely vehicles,
demonstration ptots, office space, mobile van, public address system and others. The
result reveaIed significant difference in extension methods used by the agencies. The
Ievel of involvement in each of the extension priority area significantly differs among
the agencies. The study also revealed poor linkages among agencies in the innovation
transfer sub-system. Agricultural Development Programmes (72.2%) had strong
linkage with research institutes but linkages with other agencies in the transfer subsystem
were either weak or not in existence. The LGs as well as profit NGOs had no
Iinkage with most agencies both in the innovation generation and transfer subsystems.
Nsn-profit NGOs (50%) reported "somewhat strong linkages" with research
institutes, while 62.5%, 65.5%, and 50.0% indicated that linkages with universities of
agriculture, colleges of agriculture, and para-veterinary fims were non-existent,
respectively. The major linkage mechanisms that existed among the agencies were
only informed and free access to bulletins, magazines and annual reports. However,
the respondents favoured the me ~f other linkage arrangements such as
annuaVquartcrly workshops, joint funding of pmgrammeslproject, joint training of
extension personnel, joint field visits, co-finding of broadcast programmes, and use of
liaison unitfcoordinating body. The strategies identified as fundamental to linking the
agencies were training of managers for linkage leadership, increasing accessr and use
of ICTs, adopting practices of sharing research information, planned orientation
programmes for extension professionals, building linkage responsibly into job
description, professionalising of extension information, adopting a practice of
symbiotic coordination of technology transfer, and forming coordinating body/liaison
unit, Factors constraining linkages among the agencies were po[iticaVpolicy-related,
organizational, attitude-related and motivational issues. There was no significant
difference in respondents' perception of the linkage-constraining facton. The linkage
constraining factors were positively and significantly correlated with several problems
of government agencies aa P I 0.05. The study concludes that extension practice
should be re-oriented towards innovation system, culture for cficiency of resource use
and cost effectiveness in functions. Linkages formed among extension agencies enable
the entire system to explore identified strengths and opportunities of the individual
agencies. This however requires that the systedagencies adopt certain
arrangement/frarnework and strategies to facilitate interaction.

Published: 07/07/2018

Tags: innovation transfer

Size: 16.22MB

A Survey of Career Opportunities for University Agricultural Extension Graduates in Anambra State

By Anyadike, Cordelia Obioma

The purpose of t h i s study was to i n v e s t i g a t e t h e c a r e e r
o p p o r t u n i t i e s f o r U n i v e r s i t y A g r i c u l t u r a l Extension
g r a d u a t e s In Anambra S t a t e , S p e c i f i c a l l y , t h e study was
designed to3
(a) i d e n t i f y t h e occupatlonal a r e a s i n which A g r i c u l t u r a l
Extension g r a d u a t e s can be employed;
(b) determirie the e x t e n t to which A g r i c u l t u r a l Extension
g r a d u a t e s a r e employed i n career, r e l a t e d to t h e i r
f i e l d of study;
(c) i d e n t i f y the f a c t o r s t h a t i n f l u e n c e d t h e graduates'
c h o i c e of A g r i c u l t u r a l Extension a s a c o u r s e of study.
Data were collected through v a l i d a t e d q u e s t i o n n a i r e s , A
t o t a l of 10 A g r i c u l t u r a l Extension g r a d u a t e s , 16 Agricu
l t u r a l Extension w o r k e r s and If3 employers of A g r i c u l t u r a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s were l o c a t e d and surveyed, The collected
d a t a were enelysed by t h e use of frequency d i s t r i b u t i o n
and p e r c e n t a g e s ,
The r e s u l t of t h e study showed that:
1. Career o p p o r t u n i t i e s abound f o r A q r i c u l t u r a l Extension
g r a d u a t e s i n t h e v a r i o u s A g r i c u l t u r a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
and agro-based i n d u s t r i e s .
2. T h i r t y nine per 39%) of t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
s t u d i e d which National D i r e c t o r a t e of Employment,
Nigerian A g r i c u l t u r a l Insurance Company, Jaluchi
Aqro-based I n d u s t r i e s , Olympic Maize M i l l i n g Ind
u s t r i e s , Union Oak farmers and v o l u n t e e r s e r v i c e
agency which have no e x t e n s i o n g r a d u a t e s p r e s e n t l y
i n t h e i r employment but 'were w i l l i n g to employ them
i n f u t u r e based o n t h e i r p r o j e c t e d employment p o l i c i e s .
3. The g r a d u a t e s were not f u l l y aware of a l l t h e areas
of t h e economy t h a t can employ them, hence m a j o r i t y
of them f i n d employment with t h e Ministry of Agricu
l t u r e , A g r i c u l t u r a l Development P r o j e c t (ADPI end
e d u c a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t i o n s ,
4. A l l t h e a g r i c u l t u r a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s end agro-based
i n d u s t r i e s employ g r a d u a t e s of A g r i c u l t u r e g e n e r a l l y
i n most of t h e p o s i t i o n s i n t h e i r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
without r e f e r e n c e to a s p e c i f i c a r e a of s p e c i a l i z a -
t i o n , Hence many non-agricultural e x t e n s i o n g r a d u a t e s
work as a g r i c u l t u r a l e x t e n s i o n o f f i c e r s and v i c e
versa.

Published: 07/05/1993

Tags: carrer opportunities

Size: 5.96MB

An Assessment of the Role Performance of Field Extension Agents of the Abia And Imo Cultural Development Projects (ADPs)

By Ani, Anthony Okorie

Thie study asaeeaed the role parformanc~ of f i e l d
exteneion agent8 o r the Abie and Ima Agricultural
Developmmnt P r o j e c t e (ADPe). The purpoee waa t a
det~rminI3 the actual roles and l e v e l o f per?ormartce uf
these roles by these agents.
The atudy covered three a f the s i x s g r i c u l t u r a l
ronea o f the former I n o S t e t a - r a p r e s s n t i n g twa zones
(Af i kpo end Umuahia) from Rbia S ~ a t ee nd one zone (Dk l q u e )
from the present Imo Eitete. The subjecte of' the study
wers 86 f i e l d extenelon agents, repres~nting approximately
50 p e r cent a f the t a t a l papulation of' the ? l e l d a q e n t ~
Prom t h e three zanea; tha whole 34 block e x t e n e i a n
supervisors Pram the three ronea who d i d the per7armancu
aeaeasment a f the f i e l d agent9 uarc Used.
V a l i d a t e d q u e s t l o n n a 2 ~ e e were uaed i n collecting
dsta from the reapondenta. P ~ r c s n t a g e e , mean acoree,
rank ordar, c o r r e l ~ t i a n cauFflcienta and t - t e s t ware the
~ t e t l s t l c a l technlquee uead i n ~ n a l y e k n g thc dmts.
The f indlnga i n d i c a t e d t h ~ tt h e maen ege o f t h e
f'ield extenafon agentm Mae 35.4. yeera and that 55.8 ,%
of them had Higher Nstianal Diploma I n A g r l e u l t u r ~ . The
r o l e performance effactiuene~s oQ the f i e l d agent8 wan
avaluated baaed on thelr level o f perTarrnence: of sixteen
v i i
normative extension r u n c t l o n a end desireble pereanal
char s c t e r lat i ca, Re e u l t e gnttan based o n t h m~ e an
respansea aQ these agents to the n a r m e t l v e e x t s n a l o n
f u n c t i a n s , ahowed t i ~ a tt h e f i e l d a g e n t a had p e r f o rme d
we11 i n t h i a r e g a r d .
I t was found t h a t poor transport f a c i l i t l e e ,
f requent t r a n s f ~ ro f star?, l u c k o f c r e d i t P a c i l i t i e e
f o r tarrnera, I l l i t e r a c y of' farmers, work avgrload on
e x t e n e l a n a t a r f , lack o f i n c e n t i v e 8 Par s t a f f / l a c k ur'
p r o m o t i o n pmspe c t a Tar a S a f f , amang ~ t h e rf a c t o r s cnuld
afQect r o l e performance of field e x t e n e l o n ngwnte,
Recommendatlona baaed an t h e P i n d i n g e i n c l u d e ecnonq
o t h e r s , t h a t t h e a d m i n i a t r e t i a n oP t h e ADPs a h o u l d create
jab deaign6 t h a t take I n t o c o n a l d e r a t i o n human need8 and
m o t l v a t i o n . T h i s c o u l d be e c h i e v e d by t a k i n g meetmure8
t h a t would improve the working c o n d i t i a n e o f the r i e . l d
mqente t h r o u g h prauleion o f t r a n e p o r t and o t h e r ell~waneea.
S i r n l l a r l y , e t t e n t i o n should be directed t n auch areas as
r e c r u i t i n g and t r a i n i n g o f more field extension aqenta.
T h i s will make it p a s s i b l e Tar a good number o f Perm~rs
t a be r e a c h ~ da nd e d u c a t e d . A l e o , f i e l d e x t e n a i a n e q ~ n t

Published: 07/09/1992

Tags: field extension agents

Size: 10.97MB