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ANALYSIS OF FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR GENDER DISPARITY IN ACCESS TO BASIC EDUCATION AMONG OUT OF SCHOOL YOUNG PEOPLE IN ANAMBRA STATE

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Abstract

This study analyzed the factors responsible for gender disparity in access to basic education among out of school young people in Anambra State. The major objectives were to determine the factors influencing gender disparity in drop out and non-enrolment in Universal Basic Education (UBE). It further sought to determine the gender most affected by the inhibiting factors in accessing UBE. Descriptive survey was adopted for the study. The population of the study was young people who are either employees or apprentice in the SME subsector. A sample of 278 artisans participated in the study. The major instrument of the study was questionnaire which was validated and the reliability confirmed (r=0.826). Hypotheses were tested using two sample t-tests. Factors that influenced more males to drop out of UBE were Economic and financial problems as more males (56.3%) than females (43.7%) dropped to support the family financially and more males (51.1%) than females (48.9%) dropped because of parents’ poverty. Cost of schooling also influenced more males (52.5%) than females (47.5%) to drop out of UBE. Other factors relate to life style and choice problem as more males (59.2%) than female (40.8%) dropped as a result of personal decision, males(52.7%) and (47,3%) as result of peer influence and males (55.7%) and females (44.7%) because trade of interest did not require much education. Factors influencing disparity in enrolment were financial problems and parental influence as more males (54.2%) than female (45.8%) indicated that they were not enrolled because the parents could not give them the opportunity. Results of the hypotheses show that inhibiting factors indeed influenced more males than females (2.31 > 1.96; P-value 0.033 1.96; P-value 0.0015