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The main purpose of this study was to ascertain the extent to which motivational initiatives
promote citizens’ participation in community development activities in Anambra and Imo States
of Nigeria. Six research questions and six null hypotheses were raised to guide the study. The
study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 2, 357
respondents made up of members of registered Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in
Anambra and Imo States. A sample of 853 respondents was drawn from the population using
multi-stage proportionate sampling technique. Data collection instrument was self-structured
questionnaire titled, ‘Questionnaire on Motivational Initiatives for Citizens’ Participation in
Community Development Activities(QMICPCDA). The instrument was face validated by three
experts, two in Community Development unit of Department of Adult Education & Extra-Mural
Studies and one in Measurement and Evaluation Unit of Department of Science Education both
from University of Nigeria, Nsukka. An overall reliability index of 0.91 was obtained using the
Cronbach Coefficient Alpha. The null hypotheses were tested using t-test at 0.05 level of
significant. Weighted mean and Standard Deviation were used in analyzing the collected data.
Copies of the instrument were administered to the respondents through direct delivery technique.
Data collected from respondents were analyzed using frequency counts, mean ratings were used
for other six research questions. Result of findings indicated that to a high extent,
decentralization of power in communities, good leadership, identification of needs, respect for
people’s culture, adequate funding and need selection has assisted citizens’ participation in
communities in Anambra and Imo States. The findings further revealed that significant
differences were not found in decentralization of power, good leadership and need selection in
the communities of Anambra and Imo States. However, significant difference was found in the
mean ratings of respondents from the two states regarding the extent to which identification of
needs, adequate funding and respect for peoples’ culture has assisted citizens’ participation in
the communities in Anambra and Imo States. Based on the findings of the study,
recommendations were made that government and community leaders should encourage
decentralization of power that is, power should be transferred from higher to local level to
empower communities to work together, define and resolve their problems.