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This research work was on the factors motivating the participation of women in adult literacy programme in Oji-River Local Government Area of Enugu State. To carry out the study effectively, six research questions and two null hypotheses were posed. Some of them are: 1. What are the economic factors motivating women’s participation in adult literacy programme in Oji-River Local Government Area? 2. What are the education factors motivating women’s participation in adult literacy programme in Oji-River Local Government Area? Also, this study reviewed some literature that related to the research work. The population for the study is 816 registered women learners in adult education programmes in Oji-River Local Government Area of Enugu State. The major instrument used for data collection was a FMWPALPQ Questionnaire with 36 items. Among the major findings are: 1. that the greatest education factors motivating women’s participation in adult literacy programme are obtaining certificate for a better job, becoming literate, and improvement on communicative skills; 2. that the greatest psychological factors motivating women’s participation in adult literacy programme are being respected in the family and society, boosting of ego in the society, occupying higher positions of authority in the society, and overcoming inferiority complex. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered. Some of them are: 1. that Enugu State Agency for Mass Literacy, Adult and Non-Formal Education, in conjunction with Commission for Women Affairs, should embark on a realistic and holistic campaign for women’s education, emphasizing that age is no barrier to education. 2. that adult education administrators, supervisors, co-ordinators and other people involved in the provision of adult education programmes should ensure that the time and venue for the adult education programmes are conducive and friendly to the female adult learners. Finally, suggestions for further research were made.
This research work dealt with the Assessment of People’s Perception about Grassroots Community Development Projects in Ezza South L.G.A of Ebonyi State. To carry out the study effectively, five (5) research questions and 3 null hypotheses were formulated by the researcher. The population for the study consists of four thousand and twenty (4020) women and men members of town unions of the twelve (12) communities that make up Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The major instrument used for collection of data was questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentages, weighted mean and t-test statistical tools. The major findings of the study are: (1) that awareness creation through tradition or mass media, seminar, employing the services of traditional institutions and town unions/community-based organization and involving influential members in the community are effective strategies for mobilizing people for grassroots community development projects. (ii) that prioritizing the needs of the community, listing methods of achieving the objectives of the project, making a list of resources for the project implementation, people determining time and duration of implementing the project, involving people in projects formulation, making provisions for emergency situation and ensuring people’s trust through free flow of communication are effective procedure of planning grassroots community development projects (ii) that allowing community members to take active part during project implementation, allowing various groups in the community to work together, making maximal use of community resources, allowing one project to be handled at a time, making use of expert advice and welcoming aids from outside the community are the ways grassroots community development projects could be implemented. (iv) that involving the people in the decision making processes, allowing the people to join in the planning, execution, assessment and utilization allowing people to offer free services and resources to be provided by the people, and making people to donate or pay projects levy are the nature of participation of community people in grassroots community projects. (v) that factors militating against effective grassroots community development projects include, non-involvement of community members in the design, implementation and assessment of projects, conflicts among leaders, poor leadership and embezzlement of project fund, inadequate financial and materials, government lip service, poor targeting of projects, natural disasters, unwillingness of the community members to participate in project implementation and use of inappropriate communication network. Following these findings, some recommendations and suggestions were finally made.
This work dealt with the Assessment of Strategies for Rural Development in Isi-uzo Local Government Area of Enugu State. To carry out the study effectively, the researcher formulated six (6) research questions and one (1) null hypothesis. The population for the study is four hundred (400) made up of both female and male members of Community Based Organizations in Isi-uzo Local Government Area. The major instrument used for the collection of the data for the study was questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed by the use of simple percentage, weighted means and T-test statistical tool. The major findings include: That objectives of rural development; reduce inequality and ignorance; to provide basic amenities, full employment. That construction of rural roads and culverts, provision of agricultural activities, rural electrification, health centres and so are the types of rural development projects carried out in Isi-uzo Local Government Area. That the initiators of rural development projects in Isi-uzo Local Government Area include the community, the Government, Non-Governmental Organizations, among others. That Government contributes toward the promotion of rural development through provision of amenities like electricity, roads and culverts, health facilities, water and so on. That the strategies adopted by the rural dwellers to implement their projects include community efforts or non-directive strategy, the use of direct strategy or Government, among others. That the problems facing rural development in Isi-uzo Local Government include lack of fund, illiteracy, power tussle/politics and so on. In view of the findings, recommendations were made; finally suggestions for further research were made.
This study assessed the Personnel and Personnel development programme of Distance Education Institutes in Abia State. To carry out the research effectively, five (5) research questions and two (2) null hypotheses were formulated. The population for the study consist of 386 people, who are the 313 teaching staff and 73 non-teaching staff of Distance education institutes in Abia State as at August 2004. The major instrument used for collection of data was the questionnaire. The data collected were analysed using simple percentages, weighted mean to analyse the research questions, while t-test statistical tools was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of the study were: most of the personnel were available; most of the functions were performed; most of the staff development programmes and training needs are not found available; most of the problems are not solved. The above findings cut across the teaching and non-teaching staff of distance education institutions. The major implication of the findings of this study is that the point of using distance education methodology to increase access to education in Nigeria will be overcome if distance education facilities are supplied in our distance education universities. The major recommendations include, distance education institutes should undertake training and retraining of their technical staff. Distance education universities should encourage their personnel, so that they can carry out their functions very well. Allocation of more funds to institutions running distance education programmes by the government. Distance education universities should introduce staff development programme to help personnel to keep abreast with recent developments. Distance education universities should address the training needs of their staff.
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of maternal mortality on community development in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State. The major research questions developed for the study were as followed; 1. What are the causes of maternal mortality in Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State? 2. In what ways does maternal mortality influence economic development of communities in Njikoka Government Area? 3.In what ways does maternal mortality influence educational development on communities? 4. In what ways does maternal mortality influence social lives of a community? 5. In what ways does maternal mortality influence health development of the people? Adults in Idemili Local Government Area of Anambra State between the ages of 18 – 51 years and above were used as the target population while four hundred (400) adults were sampled for the study using simple random sampling technique. In collecting data the structured questionnaire was used. The data obtained were organized and analyzed using percentage, mean score and standard deviation to answer the research questions. The hypothesis for the study was tested using the z-test statistics. The findings of the study included the following; 1. A close observation of the findings in section 1 of the questionnaire reveals that responses from males are more than responses from females. 2. Adults who were within the age range of 41 – 45 years formed majority, while those within the age range of 18 – 22 years old were fewer. 3. Those who obtained WAEC or O/L certificate formed majority of the respondents, while only few of the respondents have university qualification. 4. About 75% of the entire sampled population used for the study were married while singles, engaged, divorced and widowed represent only 25%. 5. Majority of the respondents were traders covering about 45% of the sampled population.
This research work was aimed at examining the utilization of the learning
materials used in Distance Education Programmes of Our Saviour Institute of Science, Agriculture and Technology (OSISATECH), Enugu.
To guide the study, four (4) Research Questions and two (2) Null hypotheses
were formulated and tested.
Also, this study reviewed some literature related to the work.
Case Study Method was used for the Design of the study. The population for
the study is three hundred and two (302) drawn from the students in Ordinary National Diploma, Nigerian Certificate in Education and Higher National Diploma
Programmes of Distance and Continuing Education in OSISATECH, Enugu.
Administration of Extension Education in Imo State: A Case Study of Imo State University Continuing Education Programme. (ICEP).
The study assessed the extent of women participation in self-help community development projects in Aboh Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State. Five research question and two hypotheses guided the study.
This study evaluated the Distance Education (DE) programmes of Nigerian
Universities. The study was limited to the areas of objective, admission
criteria, course content, media, staff development and support services. Eight
research questions and seven hypotheses guided the study. The population
for the study was made up of 12,131 students and 713 staff in the three
universities currently running distance education programmes. The sample
comprised of 996 students and 204 staff involved in the DE programmes of
This study was designed to investigate entrepreneurship education for economic empowerment of out-of-school youths in Enugu State. The specific purposes of the study were to identify the types of entrepreneurship education programmes for economic empowerment of out-of-school youths in Enugu state; determine the extent to which entrepreneurship education enhance production potentials of out-of-school youths in Enugu state; determine the extent to which entrepreneurship education enhance skill acquisition among out-of-school youths in Enugu state; determine the extent to which entrepreneurship education enhance marketing potentials of out-of-school youths in Enugu State; ascertain the factors militating against the entrepreneurial education programme for economic empowerment of out-of-school youths in Enugu state; and examine the strategies for enhancing entrepreneurship education programme for economic empowerment of out-of-school youths in Enugu State. The study was guided by 6 research questions and two null hypotheses. The design of the study was a descriptive survey design. Simple random sampling technique was used in drawing the sample composition of the study. The population of this study comprised eight thousand seven hundred and ninety (8,790) male and female members of one hundred and fifteen (115) registered youth Organizations in Enugu state.
This reveals the Report on the Monitoring of the NFE
Centers for Out-of-School Boys and Girls
in Five UNICEF- Assisted States in South
This study investigated health hazards associated with the use of sewage wastes in income generation by farmers in Obukpa. Specifically, the purpose of this study were: to ascertain the characteristics of the farmers involved in the income generation activivties; to find out why the farmers may not prefer the use of other soil amendments to sewage wastes; to ascertain the health hazards associated with the use of sewage wastes based on laboratory tests; to find out whether farmers take precautions in handling sewage sludge and effluents.
A co-operative society is a business in which membership is voluntary, which serves an important tool or instrument of development generally. To a layman co-operative society is an avenue where men work together in order to satisfy their social nature. According to Ijere (19921, it is aimed, founded and controlled by members who share the risks and benefits proportional to their contributions, households, consumers, municipal states, federal local government can also cooperate and form cooperative business enterprise.
The main purpose of this evaluative study was to determine the extent to which the Niger Delta Development Commission water projects have impacted on the development of communities in Rivers and Bayelsa States of Nigeria. Five research questions and five null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted an evaluative research design. The population of the study was 6,597 respondents made up of community chiefs, community development committee members, youth members, and staff of NDDC in project department. A sample of 890 respondents was drawn from the population using multi-stage proportionate sampling procedure and simple random sampling technique by balloting. Data collecting instruments were self-structured questionnaire titled,’ Questionnaire on Evaluation of NDDC Water Projects on the Development of Communities’ and Focus Group Discussion Schedule (FGDS). The questionnaire instrument was subjected to face validity by three validates. An overall reliability index of .90 was obtained using the Cronbach Coefficient Alpha. Data collected from the respondents were analysed using the means for the research questions, while the t-test statistic was used for the null hypotheses at the probability level of .05. The FGDS was analysed qualitatively. Result of findings revealed that the NDDC water projects have impacted to a high extent on the educational development of the people in communities especially in the area of reduction of time spent by children in search of water before going to school. On health, the study also found that it has impacted highly on the communities especially in the reduction of spread of water borne diseases. The findings also showed that the NDDC water projects have impacted highly on the economic development of people in communities especially in the area of engagement of more community members on water related businesses. On reduction of social vices among youths, the study revealed that it has impacted to a high extent. Factors that constrained the NDDC water projects from achieving its developmental objectives were inadequate consultation with benefitting communities, poor monitoring and supervision of project, inadequate funding, poor maintenance culture and the use of inexperienced and unqualified contractors. Significant difference was found regarding the extent to which the NDDC water projects have impacted on the education, health and economic development of people in the communities of Rivers and Bayelsa States. There was no significant difference found regarding the extent to which the NDDC water projects have impacted on the reduction of social vices among youths in the two states. Significant difference was also not found in the mean ratings of respondents who are non- NDDC staff and staff of NDDC in project department from the two states on factors that constrain the NDDC water projects from achieving its developmental objectives. The study therefore recommended that enlightenment programmes such as seminars and workshops should be organised by NDDC for community members on the need to embrace and safe guard projects cited in their communities.
The study was designed to assess the extent of utilization of effective strategies for mobilizing rural women for community development in Abia Central Senatorial Zone of Abia State. The specific purposes of the study were to find out the extent of utilization of communication strategy in mobilizing rural women for community development; find out the extent of utilization of women association in mobilizing rural women for community development; and also to find out the extent of utilization of functional literacy education in mobilizing rural women for community development. The study was guided by 3 research questions and 3 null hypotheses; the design for the study was descriptive survey research design and the population of the study was 7,802 members of the 19 registered women associations in the 6 local government areas in Abia Central Senatorial Zone of Abia State. Stratified random technique was used and 708 members were sampled. A 19 item questionnaire was developed and administered to the respondents. The instrument was validated by 3 experts and its overall reliability coefficient was 0.77. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage for the bio-data of the respondent, weighted mean for analyzing the 3 research questions while t- test was used to test the 3 null hypotheses formulated for the study. The data analysis revealed that communication to a very high extent in mobilizing rural women for community development through early morning jingles on the radio, motion pictures on community development displayed on bill boards, drama on radio/TV, multi-media strategy and early morning town criers/messengers has helped the women to know their civic rights, has knowledge for personal hygiene and participate actively in community development. The analysis also revealed that women associations have been utilized to a high extent in mobilizing rural women for community development by different women associations like Umuada, Christian women associations etc through organizing conferences, seminars, workshop, self-help project for the women, providing them with basic literacy education, sensitizing them on prevention of HIV/AIDS, malaria and importance of immunization. By serving as a medium for dissemination of information to the rural women on health issues, gathering them for self-help environmental refuse clean up, lending money to their members through collective contribution, awareness creation and also in raising money for building of markets, maternity homes through launching etc. The result of the data analysis revealed that education helps in improving their living standard, provides them with functional literacy skills, raises their awareness on family planning, and makes them to be self-reliant. They also identified also that it helps in raising their consciousness on environmental issues, equip them with necessary civic knowledge politically and equip them with necessary employability skills.