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Evaluation of Distance Education Programmes of Nigerian Universities

By Nwizu, Stella Chioma

This study evaluated the Distance Education (DE) programmes of Nigerian
Universities. The study was limited to the areas of objective, admission
criteria, course content, media, staff development and support services. Eight
research questions and seven hypotheses guided the study. The population
for the study was made up of 12,131 students and 713 staff in the three
universities currently running distance education programmes. The sample
comprised of 996 students and 204 staff involved in the DE programmes of
these universities

Published: 02/12/2018

Tags: Distance Education (DE) programmes, content, media, staff development and support services

Size: 15.59MB

ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION FOR ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTHS IN ENUGU STATE

By Onyishi Joy Chinasa

This study was designed to investigate entrepreneurship education for economic empowerment of out-of-school youths in Enugu State. The specific purposes of the study were to identify the types of entrepreneurship education programmes for economic empowerment of out-of-school youths in Enugu state; determine the extent to which entrepreneurship education enhance production potentials of out-of-school youths in Enugu state; determine the extent to which entrepreneurship education enhance skill acquisition among out-of-school youths in Enugu state; determine the extent to which entrepreneurship education enhance marketing potentials of out-of-school youths in Enugu State; ascertain the factors militating against the entrepreneurial education programme for economic empowerment of out-of-school youths in Enugu state; and examine the strategies for enhancing entrepreneurship education programme for economic empowerment of out-of-school youths in Enugu State. The study was guided by 6 research questions and two null hypotheses. The design of the study was a descriptive survey design. Simple random sampling technique was used in drawing the sample composition of the study. The population of this study comprised eight thousand seven hundred and ninety (8,790) male and female members of one hundred and fifteen (115) registered youth Organizations in Enugu state.

Published: 02/12/2018

Tags: entrepreneurship education, economic empowerment, out-of-school youths, Enugu

Size: 0.99MB

Report on the Monitoring of the NFE Centers for Out-of-School Boys and Girls in Five UNICEF- Assisted States in South Eastern Nigeria

By Ngwu, P. N. C. , Osuala, J. D. C. , Chineme, P. O.; Obi, G. O.; Oreh, C. I.

This reveals the Report on the Monitoring of the NFE
Centers for Out-of-School Boys and Girls
in Five UNICEF- Assisted States in South
Eastern Nigeria

Published: 01/06/2001

Tags: NFE, Out-of-School, Boys, Girls, UNICEF, South Eastern, Nigeria

Size: 252.11KB

Health Hazards Associated with use of Sewage Wastes in Income Generation by Farmers: In Obukpa

By Mbagwu, Felicia O.

This study investigated health hazards associated with the use of sewage wastes in income generation by farmers in Obukpa. Specifically, the purpose of this study were: to ascertain the characteristics of the farmers involved in the income generation activivties; to find out why the farmers may not prefer the use of other soil amendments to sewage wastes; to ascertain the health hazards associated with the use of sewage wastes based on laboratory tests; to find out whether farmers take precautions in handling sewage sludge and effluents.

Published: 02/12/2018

Tags: health hazards, sewage wastes, income generation, farmers, Obukpa

Size: 11.81MB

The Role of Cooperative Societies in Community Development: A Case Study of Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State

By Madukwe C.n.

A co-operative society is a business in which membership is voluntary, which serves an important tool or instrument of development generally. To a layman co-operative society is an avenue where men work together in order to satisfy their social nature. According to Ijere (19921, it is aimed, founded and controlled by members who share the risks and benefits proportional to their contributions, households, consumers, municipal states, federal local government can also cooperate and form cooperative business enterprise.

Published: 02/12/2018

Tags: cooperative societies, community development, Udi

Size: 19.15MB

EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF NIGER DELTA DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION’S COMPLETED WATER PROJECT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITIES IN RIVERS AND BAYELSA STATES, NIGERIA, 2001-2007

By Olori, Christian Nwachukwu

The main purpose of this evaluative study was to determine the extent to which the Niger Delta Development Commission water projects have impacted on the development of communities in Rivers and Bayelsa States of Nigeria. Five research questions and five null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted an evaluative research design. The population of the study was 6,597 respondents made up of community chiefs, community development committee members, youth members, and staff of NDDC in project department. A sample of 890 respondents was drawn from the population using multi-stage proportionate sampling procedure and simple random sampling technique by balloting. Data collecting instruments were self-structured questionnaire titled,’ Questionnaire on Evaluation of NDDC Water Projects on the Development of Communities’ and Focus Group Discussion Schedule (FGDS). The questionnaire instrument was subjected to face validity by three validates. An overall reliability index of .90 was obtained using the Cronbach Coefficient Alpha. Data collected from the respondents were analysed using the means for the research questions, while the t-test statistic was used for the null hypotheses at the probability level of .05. The FGDS was analysed qualitatively. Result of findings revealed that the NDDC water projects have impacted to a high extent on the educational development of the people in communities especially in the area of reduction of time spent by children in search of water before going to school. On health, the study also found that it has impacted highly on the communities especially in the reduction of spread of water borne diseases. The findings also showed that the NDDC water projects have impacted highly on the economic development of people in communities especially in the area of engagement of more community members on water related businesses. On reduction of social vices among youths, the study revealed that it has impacted to a high extent. Factors that constrained the NDDC water projects from achieving its developmental objectives were inadequate consultation with benefitting communities, poor monitoring and supervision of project, inadequate funding, poor maintenance culture and the use of inexperienced and unqualified contractors. Significant difference was found regarding the extent to which the NDDC water projects have impacted on the education, health and economic development of people in the communities of Rivers and Bayelsa States. There was no significant difference found regarding the extent to which the NDDC water projects have impacted on the reduction of social vices among youths in the two states. Significant difference was also not found in the mean ratings of respondents who are non- NDDC staff and staff of NDDC in project department from the two states on factors that constrain the NDDC water projects from achieving its developmental objectives. The study therefore recommended that enlightenment programmes such as seminars and workshops should be organised by NDDC for community members on the need to embrace and safe guard projects cited in their communities.

Published: 08/12/2014

Tags: NNDC, BAYELSA STATE, WATER PROJECT.

Size: 149.02KB

ASSESSMENT OF THE EXTENT OF UTILIZATION OF EFFECETIVE STRATEGIES FOR MOBILIZING RURAL WOMEN FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

By Nwagwu, Onyekwere Chizaram

The study was designed to assess the extent of utilization of effective strategies for mobilizing rural women for community development in Abia Central Senatorial Zone of Abia State. The specific purposes of the study were to find out the extent of utilization of communication strategy in mobilizing rural women for community development; find out the extent of utilization of women association in mobilizing rural women for community development; and also to find out the extent of utilization of functional literacy education in mobilizing rural women for community development. The study was guided by 3 research questions and 3 null hypotheses; the design for the study was descriptive survey research design and the population of the study was 7,802 members of the 19 registered women associations in the 6 local government areas in Abia Central Senatorial Zone of Abia State. Stratified random technique was used and 708 members were sampled. A 19 item questionnaire was developed and administered to the respondents. The instrument was validated by 3 experts and its overall reliability coefficient was 0.77. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage for the bio-data of the respondent, weighted mean for analyzing the 3 research questions while t- test was used to test the 3 null hypotheses formulated for the study. The data analysis revealed that communication to a very high extent in mobilizing rural women for community development through early morning jingles on the radio, motion pictures on community development displayed on bill boards, drama on radio/TV, multi-media strategy and early morning town criers/messengers has helped the women to know their civic rights, has knowledge for personal hygiene and participate actively in community development. The analysis also revealed that women associations have been utilized to a high extent in mobilizing rural women for community development by different women associations like Umuada, Christian women associations etc through organizing conferences, seminars, workshop, self-help project for the women, providing them with basic literacy education, sensitizing them on prevention of HIV/AIDS, malaria and importance of immunization. By serving as a medium for dissemination of information to the rural women on health issues, gathering them for self-help environmental refuse clean up, lending money to their members through collective contribution, awareness creation and also in raising money for building of markets, maternity homes through launching etc. The result of the data analysis revealed that education helps in improving their living standard, provides them with functional literacy skills, raises their awareness on family planning, and makes them to be self-reliant. They also identified also that it helps in raising their consciousness on environmental issues, equip them with necessary civic knowledge politically and equip them with necessary employability skills.

Published: 09/10/2012

Tags: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, MOBILIZATION STRATEGY, RURAL WOMEN.

Size: 159.77KB

ASSESSMENT OF YOUTHS INVOLVEMENT IN SELF-HELP COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

By Ezema Marcillinus Chijioke

This study assessed the involvement of youths in self-help community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Five research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The research questions were analyzed using mean and standard deviation, while the t-test statistics was used in testing the hypotheses. The population for the study was 4, 012 respondents, comprising 4, 004 registered members of community based youth organizations and 8 community leaders. The sample size for the study was 408 respondents, comprising 400 registered members of community based youth organizations and 8 community leaders. The instrument used was a well structured questionnaire. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was also used in the study. Simple Random sampling technique through balloting was used to draw the sample size. The following major findings emerged: Rural electrification, construction of community health centre, construction of community market among others were some of the self-help projects embarked upon by communities in Nsukka, Local Government Area. Extent of youth’s involvement in the planning of self-help community development projects was low. Youths were not effectively involved in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of self-help community development projects in Nsukka, L.G.A. A number of constraints prevented youths from effectively involving in self-help community development projects, poor educational background of majority of the youths, incompetent community youth organizations among others. Gender was not significant in youth’s involvement in community self-help projects. There was no significant difference between the mean rating of community leaders and youths on the constraints to youth’s involvement in self-help community development projects. Discussion of the findings, major recommendations and conclusion were also stated.

Published: 07/08/2014

Tags: SELF-HELP COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, YOUTHS, NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ENUGU STATE,

Size: 5.12MB

FACTORS AFFECTING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA

By Ahmed, Bappah

A survey research design was adopted for this study on factors affecting participation in community development in Gombe state, Nigeria. Four research questions guided the study and four hypotheses were formulated tested at (0.05) level of significance. The study was conducted in all eleven local government area of Gombe state. The population 2103 and sample for the study was made up of 330 registered members of community development association in Gombe state. A questionnaire titled factors affecting community participation in community development programmes in Gombe state, (FACPCDP) Nigeria consisting of 40 items was structured based on the factors affecting community participation, Respondents reaction range from very high extant, high extant, low extant and very low extant. The internal consistency of the instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.92 cronbach alpha 308 questionnaires were returned for analysis, which was 98% return rate Data collected were analyzed using means of 2.50 of high extent acceptability and t –test statistics, (0.05) level of significance. The study has implications for creating awareness on questioner form and poor road network, therefore recommendations were made about community participation and also regular workshops and seminars were to be made on the importance of community participation.

Published: 09/10/2014

Tags: COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES, GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA,

Size: 175.57KB

UTILIZATION OF COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION STRATEGIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN SOUTH-EAST STATES, NIGERIA

By Okide, Charity Chinelo

The study was aimed at assessing the extent of the utilization of community mobilization strategies in the implementation of community development projects in South-East States, Nigeria. To guide the study, five research questions were formulated with the intention of ascertaining the extent of utilization of capacity building for stakeholders, formation of community coalitions, direct engagement of community members and creation of partnership with organizations as community mobilization strategies in the implementation of community development projects in South-East States, and the challenges affecting the effective utilization of community mobilization strategies in the implementation of community development projects in South-East States, Nigeria. Also, four null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was used. The population of the study was 1,747 community development officers and local government executive members of town unions in South-East States from where a sample of 1, 073 was drawn using stratified random sampling technique. The instrument used for the study was a 48-item self-designed questionnaire called Utilization of Community Mobilization Strategies Questionnaire (UCOMSQ). The instrument was face validated by three experts and its reliability was ensured using Cronbach alpha estimate. Reliability co-efficient of .92 was obtained. Weighted mean and standard deviation were used in analyzing the collected data. Copies of the instrument were administered to the respondents through direct delivery technique. Findings of the study revealed that capacity building for stakeholders, formation of community coalitions and direct engagement of community members were utilized to a moderate extent as community mobilization strategies in the implementation community development projects, while the creation of partnership with organizations was utilized to a little extent. Two out of the four null hypotheses were rejected showing that there were significant differences in the mean ratings of community development officers and members of town union executives on the extent to which capacity building for stakeholders and formation of community coalitions were utilized in the implementation of community development projects in South-East States. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered which included that state governments should effectively strengthen communities’ ownership of development projects in the various communities, both urban and rural, and that state governments should encourage communities to form partnerships with federal, state and local governments, and even international agencies.

Published: 08/10/2015

Tags: COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, SOUTH-EAST STATES, NIGERIA.

Size: 2.88MB

UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO ENHANCE ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN SOUTH-EAST, NIGERIA

By Okeke, Nkechi Mercy

The purpose of the study was to determine the extent of utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to enhance entrepreneurship in South-East, Nigeria. Four research questions were posed to identify the utilization of ICT to create enabling business environment, boosting production of goods and services through ICT, utilization of ICT in staff training and barriers to utilization of ICT in enterprises. Four null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and were used to guide the study. The design used for the study was descriptive survey and the instrument was structured questionnaire. The population of the study was all the 1251 registered entrepreneurs of medium and large scale enterprises in the private sector, from which the respondents, consisting of 723 were drawn. Mean and standard deviation were used in analyzing the data collected and the criterion mean of 2.5 was used to judge the responses as to whether they were high or low. Four null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance were upheld. Findings of the study showed that the utilization of ICT to create enabling business environment were accepted and enhancing marketing of goods and services through ICT. ICT such as web-based lesson, cyber guide and telecommuting projects for staff training were often utilized while the utilization of virtual classroom and personalized courses are minimal. The major barriers for utilization of ICT were customers incompetence in using the technology, limited number of competent staff, and taxation of internet sales. Based on the findings, recommendations were made which include that private enterprises should organize on-the-job training and offer opportunities for in-service training to their staff to make them more competent on the use of ICT, educational institutions should incorporate digital courses in all levels of education to develop ICT compliance workers at the points of employment, entrepreneurs in the South-East should develop digital networks to promote digital economy and network of ideas.

Published: 08/01/2014

Tags: ENTREPRENEURSHIP, SOUTH-EAST, NIGERIA, ICT.

Size: 615.50KB

UTILIZATION OF COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT STRATEGY IN COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

By Obetta, K. Chukwuemeka

The study was aimed at assessing the extent to which community projects management committees utilize the community management strategy in the development of community projects in Enugu State, Nigeria. To guide the study, six research questions were formulated with the intention of assessing the types of managed community projects, the extent of utilization of the community management strategy in the planning, financing, implementation, operations and maintenance of community projects, and the extent to which problems are encountered in the utilization of the community management strategy in the development of community projects in Enugu State. Also, five null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was used. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to compose a sample of 810 respondents from a population of 1320 members of the registered community projects management committees in Enugu State. The instrument used for the study was a 65-item COMSCODEPROQ structured questionnaire. The instrument was face validated by three experts; two in measurement and evaluation and one in community development, all from University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Its reliability was ensured using Cronbach alpha estimate. Reliability co-efficient of .92 was obtained. Frequencies and percentages, weighted mean and standard deviation were used in analysing the collected data. A criterion mean of 2.50 was used in judging the responses as to whether they were accepted or not. Copies of the instrument were administered to the respondents through direct delivery technique. Findings of the study revealed that community management strategy was utilized to a moderate extent in the stages of project development, except in the planning stage where it was utilized to a very great extent. Four out of the five null hypotheses were accepted showing that there were no significant differences in the mean ratings of community projects management committee members in urban communities and their counterparts in rural communities on the extent to which community management strategy is utilized in the planning, financing, implementation and operations and maintenance of community development projects in Enugu State. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered which included that Enugu State Government under the auspices of Community and Social Development Projects Initiatives should assist communities in establishing community projects management committees in the various communities in the state with carefully selected representatives for the adult males, the adult females, and the youths of the community, and that community projects management committees in the various communities should hold meetings on a regular basis for the interested public, and according to a schedule.

Published: 08/01/2014

Tags: ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

Size: 13.75MB

INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN DISTANCE EDUCATION PROGRAMME OF ABIA STATE UNIVERSITY UTURU

By Imo, Onyeodiri Charity

This study was designed to examine the integration of information and communication Technology (ICT) in Distance Education programme of Abia State University Uturu. The specific purposes of the study were to find out the ICT facilities available for distance education programme of the University, to ascertain the extent of integration of these ICT facilities in distance education programme; to determine the challenges militating against the integration of ICT facilities in distance education programme and to suggest strategies for integration of ICT facilities in distance education programme of the University. The study was guided by four research questions and two null hypotheses. The design of the study was descriptive survey. The population of the study was 4,075 administrators, instructors and students. The sample consisted of 570 respondents made up of 107 administrators, 63 instructors and 400 students. This sample was determined using Yaro’s statistical formula. The instrument was the questionnaire designed by the researcher and was validated by 3 research experts. The data collected were analyzed using mean scores and standard deviation while t-test was used to test the two null hypotheses formulated for the study. The data analyzed revealed among others that out of the 13 ICT facilities listed by the study, seven were available but not integrated in DE programme of the university while the other six (6) were said not to be available by the respondents. It also revealed that availability does not translate to integration as only one out of the 13 ICT facilities were accepted to have been integrated into the DE programme of the institution. The respondents accepted all the items listed as the strategies for enhancing the integration of ICT facilities in DE programme of the university. It was recommended among others that Abia State University Uturu should incorporate ICT literacy courses in the University programme generally and distance education programme in particular. This will enable them to reach a number of people who want to engage in distance education programmes and would equally help them attain their general objective of providing University education to as many Nigerian as possible irrespective of sex, age and constraint of time due to full time employment.

Published: 05/04/2014

Tags: ABIA STATE UNIVERSITY, ICT.

Size: 495.00KB

UTILIZATION OF COMMUNITY RESOURCES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

By Eze, Georgina C.

The study was aimed at assessing the extent to which community resources are utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. To guide the study, five research questions were formulated with the intention of assessing the types of community development projects that are implemented utilizing community resources, the extent of utilization of physical, human and institutional resources that are utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area, and the extent to which factors militate against the effective utilization of community resources in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area. Also, four null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was used. Simple sampling technique was employed to compose a sample of 285 respondents from a population of 964 members of the registered community development associations in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. The instrument used for the study was a 45-item UCRICODEPQ structured questionnaire. The instrument was face validated by three experts; one in measurement and evaluation and two in community development, all from University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Its reliability was ensured using Cronbach alpha estimate. Reliability co-efficient of 0.81 was obtained. Frequencies and percentages, weighted mean and standard deviation were used in analyzing the collected data. A criterion mean of 2.50 was used in judging the responses as to whether they were accepted or not. Copies of the instrument were administered to the respondents through direct delivery technique. Findings of the study revealed that community physical, human and institutional resources were utilized to a moderate extent in the implementation community development projects. All the four null hypotheses were rejected showing that there were significant differences in the mean ratings of male and female members of community development associations on the extent to which community physical, human and institutional resources were utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered which included that both state and local governments should come to the assistance of the various communities by conscientizing them on the need to involve everybody in the implementation of community development projects, and that Enugu State Government should build-in core leadership programme in the community development programmes through education empowerment.

Published: 06/05/2014

Tags: NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ENUGU STATE, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

Size: 4.35MB

COMMUNITY EDUCATION NEEDS OF COMMUNITY BASED ORGANIZATIONS LEADERS IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA.

By Ewelum, Johnson Nnadi

The central focus of this study was to ascertain the community education needs of community based organizations leaders in Anambra State of Nigeria. To guide this study, five research questions were posed and three null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population for the study comprised 1,701 executive members of the 189 registered community based organizations in the 21 local government areas that make up the three senatorial zones of Anambra State. The sample consisted of 1071 executive members of community based organizations selected through stratified random sampling. The internal consistency reliability coefficient obtained for each of the clusters I-V were 0.89, 0.88, 0.87, 0.86 and 0.92 respectively while the overall reliability coefficient was 0.88. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Mean was used to analyze the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses. Among the major findings of the study were that the respondents agreed that they need basic, social, political, economic, and cultural education to improve or further lead as required, there was no significant difference in the mean ratings of the literate and non-literate; respondents on the basic education needs there was significant difference in the mean ratings of married and single respondents on social education needs; and there was no significant difference in the mean ratings of the urban based and rural based respondents on political education needs. It was recommended that the Agency for Mass Literacy, Adult and Non-formal Education in Anambra State should mount campaign in the rural communities on the need for community education programmes, that community education centres should be established in the rural areas and qualified adult educators employed to facilitate the programmes, policy makers and other administrators in mass literacy, adult and non-formal education should reflect the needs of the community in policy formulation.

Published: 07/01/2014

Tags: COMMUNITY EDUCATION, LEADERS, ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA.

Size: 2.36MB