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ASSESSMENT OF YOUTHS INVOLVEMENT IN SELF-HELP COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

By Ezema Marcillinus Chijioke

This study assessed the involvement of youths in self-help community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Five research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The research questions were analyzed using mean and standard deviation, while the t-test statistics was used in testing the hypotheses. The population for the study was 4, 012 respondents, comprising 4, 004 registered members of community based youth organizations and 8 community leaders. The sample size for the study was 408 respondents, comprising 400 registered members of community based youth organizations and 8 community leaders. The instrument used was a well structured questionnaire. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was also used in the study. Simple Random sampling technique through balloting was used to draw the sample size. The following major findings emerged: Rural electrification, construction of community health centre, construction of community market among others were some of the self-help projects embarked upon by communities in Nsukka, Local Government Area. Extent of youth’s involvement in the planning of self-help community development projects was low. Youths were not effectively involved in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of self-help community development projects in Nsukka, L.G.A. A number of constraints prevented youths from effectively involving in self-help community development projects, poor educational background of majority of the youths, incompetent community youth organizations among others. Gender was not significant in youth’s involvement in community self-help projects. There was no significant difference between the mean rating of community leaders and youths on the constraints to youth’s involvement in self-help community development projects. Discussion of the findings, major recommendations and conclusion were also stated.

Published: 07/08/2014

Tags: SELF-HELP COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, YOUTHS, NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ENUGU STATE,

Size: 5.12MB

FACTORS AFFECTING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA

By Ahmed, Bappah

A survey research design was adopted for this study on factors affecting participation in community development in Gombe state, Nigeria. Four research questions guided the study and four hypotheses were formulated tested at (0.05) level of significance. The study was conducted in all eleven local government area of Gombe state. The population 2103 and sample for the study was made up of 330 registered members of community development association in Gombe state. A questionnaire titled factors affecting community participation in community development programmes in Gombe state, (FACPCDP) Nigeria consisting of 40 items was structured based on the factors affecting community participation, Respondents reaction range from very high extant, high extant, low extant and very low extant. The internal consistency of the instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.92 cronbach alpha 308 questionnaires were returned for analysis, which was 98% return rate Data collected were analyzed using means of 2.50 of high extent acceptability and t –test statistics, (0.05) level of significance. The study has implications for creating awareness on questioner form and poor road network, therefore recommendations were made about community participation and also regular workshops and seminars were to be made on the importance of community participation.

Published: 09/10/2014

Tags: COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES, GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA,

Size: 175.57KB

UTILIZATION OF COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION STRATEGIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN SOUTH-EAST STATES, NIGERIA

By Okide, Charity Chinelo

The study was aimed at assessing the extent of the utilization of community mobilization strategies in the implementation of community development projects in South-East States, Nigeria. To guide the study, five research questions were formulated with the intention of ascertaining the extent of utilization of capacity building for stakeholders, formation of community coalitions, direct engagement of community members and creation of partnership with organizations as community mobilization strategies in the implementation of community development projects in South-East States, and the challenges affecting the effective utilization of community mobilization strategies in the implementation of community development projects in South-East States, Nigeria. Also, four null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was used. The population of the study was 1,747 community development officers and local government executive members of town unions in South-East States from where a sample of 1, 073 was drawn using stratified random sampling technique. The instrument used for the study was a 48-item self-designed questionnaire called Utilization of Community Mobilization Strategies Questionnaire (UCOMSQ). The instrument was face validated by three experts and its reliability was ensured using Cronbach alpha estimate. Reliability co-efficient of .92 was obtained. Weighted mean and standard deviation were used in analyzing the collected data. Copies of the instrument were administered to the respondents through direct delivery technique. Findings of the study revealed that capacity building for stakeholders, formation of community coalitions and direct engagement of community members were utilized to a moderate extent as community mobilization strategies in the implementation community development projects, while the creation of partnership with organizations was utilized to a little extent. Two out of the four null hypotheses were rejected showing that there were significant differences in the mean ratings of community development officers and members of town union executives on the extent to which capacity building for stakeholders and formation of community coalitions were utilized in the implementation of community development projects in South-East States. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered which included that state governments should effectively strengthen communities’ ownership of development projects in the various communities, both urban and rural, and that state governments should encourage communities to form partnerships with federal, state and local governments, and even international agencies.

Published: 08/10/2015

Tags: COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, SOUTH-EAST STATES, NIGERIA.

Size: 2.88MB

UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO ENHANCE ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN SOUTH-EAST, NIGERIA

By Okeke, Nkechi Mercy

The purpose of the study was to determine the extent of utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to enhance entrepreneurship in South-East, Nigeria. Four research questions were posed to identify the utilization of ICT to create enabling business environment, boosting production of goods and services through ICT, utilization of ICT in staff training and barriers to utilization of ICT in enterprises. Four null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and were used to guide the study. The design used for the study was descriptive survey and the instrument was structured questionnaire. The population of the study was all the 1251 registered entrepreneurs of medium and large scale enterprises in the private sector, from which the respondents, consisting of 723 were drawn. Mean and standard deviation were used in analyzing the data collected and the criterion mean of 2.5 was used to judge the responses as to whether they were high or low. Four null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance were upheld. Findings of the study showed that the utilization of ICT to create enabling business environment were accepted and enhancing marketing of goods and services through ICT. ICT such as web-based lesson, cyber guide and telecommuting projects for staff training were often utilized while the utilization of virtual classroom and personalized courses are minimal. The major barriers for utilization of ICT were customers incompetence in using the technology, limited number of competent staff, and taxation of internet sales. Based on the findings, recommendations were made which include that private enterprises should organize on-the-job training and offer opportunities for in-service training to their staff to make them more competent on the use of ICT, educational institutions should incorporate digital courses in all levels of education to develop ICT compliance workers at the points of employment, entrepreneurs in the South-East should develop digital networks to promote digital economy and network of ideas.

Published: 08/01/2014

Tags: ENTREPRENEURSHIP, SOUTH-EAST, NIGERIA, ICT.

Size: 615.50KB

UTILIZATION OF COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT STRATEGY IN COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

By Obetta, K. Chukwuemeka

The study was aimed at assessing the extent to which community projects management committees utilize the community management strategy in the development of community projects in Enugu State, Nigeria. To guide the study, six research questions were formulated with the intention of assessing the types of managed community projects, the extent of utilization of the community management strategy in the planning, financing, implementation, operations and maintenance of community projects, and the extent to which problems are encountered in the utilization of the community management strategy in the development of community projects in Enugu State. Also, five null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was used. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to compose a sample of 810 respondents from a population of 1320 members of the registered community projects management committees in Enugu State. The instrument used for the study was a 65-item COMSCODEPROQ structured questionnaire. The instrument was face validated by three experts; two in measurement and evaluation and one in community development, all from University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Its reliability was ensured using Cronbach alpha estimate. Reliability co-efficient of .92 was obtained. Frequencies and percentages, weighted mean and standard deviation were used in analysing the collected data. A criterion mean of 2.50 was used in judging the responses as to whether they were accepted or not. Copies of the instrument were administered to the respondents through direct delivery technique. Findings of the study revealed that community management strategy was utilized to a moderate extent in the stages of project development, except in the planning stage where it was utilized to a very great extent. Four out of the five null hypotheses were accepted showing that there were no significant differences in the mean ratings of community projects management committee members in urban communities and their counterparts in rural communities on the extent to which community management strategy is utilized in the planning, financing, implementation and operations and maintenance of community development projects in Enugu State. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered which included that Enugu State Government under the auspices of Community and Social Development Projects Initiatives should assist communities in establishing community projects management committees in the various communities in the state with carefully selected representatives for the adult males, the adult females, and the youths of the community, and that community projects management committees in the various communities should hold meetings on a regular basis for the interested public, and according to a schedule.

Published: 08/01/2014

Tags: ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

Size: 13.75MB

INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN DISTANCE EDUCATION PROGRAMME OF ABIA STATE UNIVERSITY UTURU

By Imo, Onyeodiri Charity

This study was designed to examine the integration of information and communication Technology (ICT) in Distance Education programme of Abia State University Uturu. The specific purposes of the study were to find out the ICT facilities available for distance education programme of the University, to ascertain the extent of integration of these ICT facilities in distance education programme; to determine the challenges militating against the integration of ICT facilities in distance education programme and to suggest strategies for integration of ICT facilities in distance education programme of the University. The study was guided by four research questions and two null hypotheses. The design of the study was descriptive survey. The population of the study was 4,075 administrators, instructors and students. The sample consisted of 570 respondents made up of 107 administrators, 63 instructors and 400 students. This sample was determined using Yaro’s statistical formula. The instrument was the questionnaire designed by the researcher and was validated by 3 research experts. The data collected were analyzed using mean scores and standard deviation while t-test was used to test the two null hypotheses formulated for the study. The data analyzed revealed among others that out of the 13 ICT facilities listed by the study, seven were available but not integrated in DE programme of the university while the other six (6) were said not to be available by the respondents. It also revealed that availability does not translate to integration as only one out of the 13 ICT facilities were accepted to have been integrated into the DE programme of the institution. The respondents accepted all the items listed as the strategies for enhancing the integration of ICT facilities in DE programme of the university. It was recommended among others that Abia State University Uturu should incorporate ICT literacy courses in the University programme generally and distance education programme in particular. This will enable them to reach a number of people who want to engage in distance education programmes and would equally help them attain their general objective of providing University education to as many Nigerian as possible irrespective of sex, age and constraint of time due to full time employment.

Published: 05/04/2014

Tags: ABIA STATE UNIVERSITY, ICT.

Size: 495.00KB

UTILIZATION OF COMMUNITY RESOURCES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

By Eze, Georgina C.

The study was aimed at assessing the extent to which community resources are utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. To guide the study, five research questions were formulated with the intention of assessing the types of community development projects that are implemented utilizing community resources, the extent of utilization of physical, human and institutional resources that are utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area, and the extent to which factors militate against the effective utilization of community resources in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area. Also, four null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was used. Simple sampling technique was employed to compose a sample of 285 respondents from a population of 964 members of the registered community development associations in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. The instrument used for the study was a 45-item UCRICODEPQ structured questionnaire. The instrument was face validated by three experts; one in measurement and evaluation and two in community development, all from University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Its reliability was ensured using Cronbach alpha estimate. Reliability co-efficient of 0.81 was obtained. Frequencies and percentages, weighted mean and standard deviation were used in analyzing the collected data. A criterion mean of 2.50 was used in judging the responses as to whether they were accepted or not. Copies of the instrument were administered to the respondents through direct delivery technique. Findings of the study revealed that community physical, human and institutional resources were utilized to a moderate extent in the implementation community development projects. All the four null hypotheses were rejected showing that there were significant differences in the mean ratings of male and female members of community development associations on the extent to which community physical, human and institutional resources were utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered which included that both state and local governments should come to the assistance of the various communities by conscientizing them on the need to involve everybody in the implementation of community development projects, and that Enugu State Government should build-in core leadership programme in the community development programmes through education empowerment.

Published: 06/05/2014

Tags: NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ENUGU STATE, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.

Size: 4.35MB

COMMUNITY EDUCATION NEEDS OF COMMUNITY BASED ORGANIZATIONS LEADERS IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA.

By Ewelum, Johnson Nnadi

The central focus of this study was to ascertain the community education needs of community based organizations leaders in Anambra State of Nigeria. To guide this study, five research questions were posed and three null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population for the study comprised 1,701 executive members of the 189 registered community based organizations in the 21 local government areas that make up the three senatorial zones of Anambra State. The sample consisted of 1071 executive members of community based organizations selected through stratified random sampling. The internal consistency reliability coefficient obtained for each of the clusters I-V were 0.89, 0.88, 0.87, 0.86 and 0.92 respectively while the overall reliability coefficient was 0.88. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Mean was used to analyze the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses. Among the major findings of the study were that the respondents agreed that they need basic, social, political, economic, and cultural education to improve or further lead as required, there was no significant difference in the mean ratings of the literate and non-literate; respondents on the basic education needs there was significant difference in the mean ratings of married and single respondents on social education needs; and there was no significant difference in the mean ratings of the urban based and rural based respondents on political education needs. It was recommended that the Agency for Mass Literacy, Adult and Non-formal Education in Anambra State should mount campaign in the rural communities on the need for community education programmes, that community education centres should be established in the rural areas and qualified adult educators employed to facilitate the programmes, policy makers and other administrators in mass literacy, adult and non-formal education should reflect the needs of the community in policy formulation.

Published: 07/01/2014

Tags: COMMUNITY EDUCATION, LEADERS, ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA.

Size: 2.36MB

ASSESSMENT OF EXTENSION EDUCATION AS A STRATEGY FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

By Agboeze, Maryrose Ndidi

This study focused on assessment of Extension education as a strategy for poverty reduction in Enugu State Nigeria. The study aimed at extracting useful information on Extension education services used for poverty reduction. Specifically, the study sought to find out: the causes of poverty, health extension education services, agricultural extension education services, commercial and home economics extension education services, industrial and university extension education services used for poverty reduction as well as the problems militating against the use of extension education as a strategy for poverty reduction among the inhabitants of Nsukka Education Zone, Enugu State. The research was carried out in 28 communities purposively selected because the registered associations and cooperative societies that the members were used as respondents, exist in the communities in Nsukka Education Zone Enugu State. Six research questions guided the study. Six hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. A 67 items structured questionnaire developed by the researcher and titled “Extension Education for Poverty Reduction Questionnaire (EEPRQ) was used for data collection. The population of the study was 1598 members of registered associations and cooperative societies. A sample of 320 was drawn from the population using Yaro Yamane Formula. The data collected were analyzed using Mean and Standard Deviation for the Research Questions while t-test statistics was used for testing the six null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The questionnaire was face validated by three experts; one each from the Department of Adult Education and Extra-Mural Studies, Department of Vocational Teacher Education and Department of Science Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka respectively. The Reliability Coefficient was obtained through Cronbach Alpha reliability technique for the clusters: cluster B = .75, cluster C = .82, cluster D = .85, cluster E = .90, cluster F = .94, cluster G = .95 with over all reliability coefficient of .93. The findings of the study showed that: causes of poverty include illiteracy, low political awareness, socio-cultural problem, low economic empowerment, as well as insufficient skill acquisition centres. Moreso, that health extension education services, agricultural extension education services, commercial and home economics extension education services, industrial and university extension education services are used for poverty reduction. Also, some problems militate against the use of extension education as a strategy for poverty reduction among the inhabitants of Nsukka Education Zone, Enugu State. Based on the findings, the researcher recommended among others that there should be sufficient skills acquisition and literacy education centres, as well as that health, agricultural, commercial, home economics, industrial and university extension education services should inevitably be used for poverty reduction among the inhabitants of Nsukka Education Zone, Enugu State. The researcher made some suggestions for further research including; Assessment of Extension education as a Strategy for Poverty Reduction in South-East Nigeria.

Published: 05/12/2015

Tags: POVERTY REDUCTION, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA,

Size: 632.00KB

DETERMINATION OF PREFERRED LEARNING STYLES OF ADULT LEARNERS AS A MEANS OF ENHANCING THEIR SCHOOLING BEHAVIOR IN ADULT LITERACY CENTRES IN CROSS RIVER STATE

By Anyanwu-amunde, Emelda Ada

The main purpose of this study was to determine the preferred learning styles of adult learners as a means of enhancing their schooling behavior in adult literacy centres in Cross-River State. Four specific purposes, each with corresponding research questions, were posed and four hypotheses postulated. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study is 2779. A sample of 400 was drawn using Yaro-Yammani. The instrument for data collection was a 28 items questionnaire titled “Adult Learners Preferred Learning Styles Questionnaire (ALPLSQ)”. The questionnaire was on a four point rating options as follows: Very High Extent (VHE), High Extent (HE), Very Low Extent (VLE), and Low Extent (LE). The instrument was validated by three experts: one from Adult Education Department, one from Measurement and Evaluation Unit, and the other from Library and Information Science Unit. The grand reliability co-efficient of .963 was obtained. Data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation for research questions and t-test statistics for the hypothesis testing at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that visual, auditory, kinesthetic and environmental learning styles are preferred adult learning styles in adult literacy centres in Cross River State. Teaching these adults according to their preferred learning styles will enhance their schooling behavior in these adult literacy centres in Cross-River State. The findings further revealed among others that there is need to emphasize on adult learners’ preferred learning style aids in teaching learning situations in all the adult literacy centres in Cross River-State, so as to promote learning Formation of study groups by adult learners should be encouraged to maximize learning since kinesthetic learning style is adult learner preferred learning styles. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that adult learners in Cross River State should be allowed to choose preferred learning styles. Moreover, the instructors and educators in the state should be advised to tailor their teaching styles to match each adult learner’s styles so as to enhance learning.

Published: 07/12/2015

Tags: ADULT LEARNERS, ADULT LITERACY CENTRES, CROSS RIVER STATE,

Size: 1.17MB

The Contribution Of Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Societies TO Community Development In NSUKKA Zone Of Enugu State

By Aruma, Elias O.

he pmpose of cooperative groupings is t o mobilize, encourage and
strengthen enquiring minds in people of various communities so as t o
acquire the knowledge wd s k i l l s necessary fur promating the living
conditions of people in the communitiee.

Published: 14/05/1998

Tags: coperatives, community development

Size: 5.83MB

The Contributions of Farmers’ Multi- Purpose Cooperative Societies to Community of Development in Nsukka Zone of Enugu State

By Aruma, Elias Okoro

The purpose of cooperative groupings is to mobilize, encourage and
strengthen enquiring minds in people of various communities so a8 t o
acquire the knowledge and s k i l l s necessary for p r d i n g the living
conditions of people in the commmikiss. Considering the ilnpoetmt
contributions of cooperative societies t o community development,
the researcher sought to examine the contributions of farmers8 m u l t i -
purpose cooperative societies to community development in Nsukka zone.

Published: 14/05/1998

Tags: coperatives, development, community

Size: 18.53MB

The Contribution of Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Societies to Community Development in Nsukka Zone of Enugu State

By Aruma, Elias O.

he pupose of cooperative groupings is t o mobilize, encourage and
strengthen enquring minds in people of various communities s o as t o
acquire t h e knowledge w d s k i l l s necessary for promoting t h e living
conditions of people i n t h e communities.

Published: 01/05/1998

Tags: Farmers, Multi-purpose, Cooperative Societies, Community Development, Nsukka, Enugu State

Size: 3.66MB

The Contributions of Farmers’ Multi- Purpose Cooperative Societies to Community of Development in Nsukka Zone of Enugu State

By Aruma, Elias Okoro

The pmpose of cooperative groupings i€Jto mobilize, encowage and
strengthen enquiring minds in people of various communities so a8 t o
acquire the knowledge and s k i l l s necessary for p r d i n g the living
conditions of people in the commmikiss.

Published: 13/09/1998

Tags: contributionss of farmers

Size: 18.53MB

The Contribution Of Farmers Multi-purpose Cooperative Societies TO Community Development In NSUKKA Zone Of Enugu State

By Aruma, Elias O.

The purpose of cooperative groupings is t o mobilize, encourage and
strengthen enquiring minds in people of various communities so as t o
acquire the knowledge wd s k i l l s necessary fur promating the living
conditions of people in the communitiee..

Published: 13/09/1998

Tags: contribution of farmers, cooperative societies

Size: 5.83MB