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This investigation was an attempt to find out what attitude the Delta Steel employees have towards industrial strike in Delta Steel Complex, Aladja Delta State.
The subjects included were 250 workers sampled by means of proportionate random sampling method. Information was gathered by the use of self administered Questionnaire. The data analysis was done using mean scores and chi - square. The highlights of the 4 results showed that:
The purpose of this study was to identify the clothing occupations (closure of clothing jobs)presently available to senior secondary school leavers in Anambra and Imo States and the employment requirements of such jobs.
The study was carried out in order to find out the factors affecting women's participation
in Adult Education Programme in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State.
Five research questions and one hypothesis were formulated to provide a direction for the
The population of the study comprises of all the women enrollees in Adult Education
programme centres in Nsukka. The population, therefore consists of one thousand, two
hundred and thirty seven women participants in the 25 Adult Education centres in
Nsukka Local Government Area.
Some of the major findings of the study were as follows:
I. The respondents rated child bearing makes women to drop out from adult
education programmes as the major problem of child bearing to women
2. The respondents rated culture limits women roles to home chores as the major
cultural impediment to women education.
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The following recommendations were made In order to improve women's participation in
Adult Education programme:
1. The Nsukka women should be given an intensive training in family planning and
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child spacing by the community health workers. This will help to reduce the
strain of child bearing and allow women more time for their adult educational
2. The emphasis placed on culture and its practices has been emphasized. Women
should be liberated especially from such cultural practices that hinder their
participation in adult education programmes. This can only be achieved through
the education of women themselves.
3. Women should be made to be economically dependent. Vocational and skills
acquisition programmes should be made available to the women in Ministries of
Women Affairs, Ministry of Employment and Productivity and other agencies of social welfare services.
The study carried out in order to find out the factors affecting women's participation in Adul Education Programme in Nsukka Local Governemt Area of Enugu state. Five research questions and one hypothesis were formulated to provide a direction for the study...
The purpose of cooperative groupings is to mobilize, encourage and strengthen enquiring minds in people of various communities so as to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for promoting the living conditions of people in the communities.
The study was to investigate the involvement of rural women in programmes aimed at poverty eradication in Anambra State. The specific purpose of the study included: to ascertain the extent of rural women’s involvement in agriculture; to investigate the involvement of rural women in access to productive resources, to find out the involvement of rural women in access to infrastructure; to determine the involvement of rural women in access to credit facilities, and to find out the factors militating against rural women’s involvement in empowerment programmes for poverty eradication in Anambra State. The population of the study was made up of 210 registered women organizations in Anambra State and 9 government officials, while the sample size was made up of 180 rural women from 60 registered women organizations drawn from 6 L.G.A across the State and all the 9 government officials from the ministry of women affairs of Anambra State. The instrument used was the questionnaire. The research questions were analyzed using mean score, while t-test was used to test the hypotheses. Also recommendations were made based on the findings of the research work. Finally, suggestions were made for further studies.
This study investigated the extent of utilization of ICT facilities among Adult Education Postgraduate students in universities in Enugu and Anambra States. University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka and Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu. Four research questions were raised to guide the study. This study adopted survey design approach. The population of the study was 367 Adult Education Postgraduate students in the three schools were used because of the manageable nature of their number. Data were collected through administration of questionnaires to respondents a total copies of the questionnaires were returned and analyzed using mean scores. Findings revealed that Adult Education Postgraduate students in the three universities of the two states, Enugu and Anambra, moderately utilize ICT facilities such as computer, printer, photocopiers, scanners, handsets, internets, flash disks and diskettes and CD-ROMS. They rarely utilize facsimile, PowerPoint, projectors, cameras, video conferencing, teleconferencing. Postgraduate students also utilize ICT facilities for various purposes, namely, word processing, internet browsing, searching for information, preparation of research reports, electronic communication and statistical analysis.
The phenomenal increase in enrolment has brought into Secondary schools a pupil population of wide individual differences with respect to interests, economic and social background, race, religious creeds, aptitudes, ability and vocational; performances. As a result, teachers in secondary schools have been confronted with the necessity to increase their efforts to develop methods of teaching adopted to the needs of all youths, For (1971) emphasized the need to individualize instruction for learner to learn best.
'I'he ptrrpose of this sttidy was to ir~vcstigate thc cuunscllor.~' mlcs En
ses ediicatioli in Otukpo Local Covernnlent Arcn. I'hc st~ldy covcrccl k
co~rnsellors' mlss ill educating students, parents, teachers7 society, tecnsgcrs
questions werc uscd to guide the study. Purposive sampling was t~sed since
ca~~nsellori-ns Otukpo were few. Thc I-csearcliq uestions wcrc at~alyireda nd
arrlong which were that fkirthcr 1-csearch be undertaken to rind out tlic rcrlc 01
the major objectives of this study is to investigate and identify the various forms of disruptive behaviours exhibited in pre-primary and primary schools in Nsukkaurban with the aim of advancing appropriate strategies for managing them.
This study examined the extent of integration of electronic media into distance education programmes of tertiary institutions in South East Nigeria. Five research questions and four null hypotheses were statistically raised to guide the study. The descriptive survey research design was adopted in the study. The population for the study was 9,572 made up of 489 facilitators and 9,083 students in all the 40 centres from the five South East States. The sample size of 1,201 respondents (this comprised 294 facilitators and 907 students from 20 centres) was drawn using the multi-stage sampling procedure and simple random sample technique by balloting. Data collection instruments were observation checklist and researcher developed questionnaire titled: ‘Electronic Media Integration Questionnaire” (EMIQ). The instrument was face validated by three validates: one in Measurement and Evaluation and two from Adult Education and Extra-Mural studies all from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. A reliability index of .79 was obtained using the Cronbach Alpha statistic to establish the reliability of the study. Data were analysed using the percentage for research question one and mean for the remaining four research questions. The t-test statistic was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance. Findings of the study revealed that available electronic media facilities for integration into distance education programmes were mainly computer technology which include internet, e-mail, social network, and CD-ROM. The extent of integration of electronic media into teaching and learning of distance education programmes was poor. With regard to record keeping, findings indicated that the extent of integration of electronic media was high; and low for students’ assessment and evaluation. On militating factors against integration of electronic media, inadequate funds for procurement of multimedia systems, students’ poor knowledge of computer and its utilisation, high cost of owning personal internet facilities, inadequate sensitisation on integration of electronic media, epileptic power supply and lack of political will in distance education programmes were identified. Findings further indicated that significance difference were not found in the mean ratings of facilitators and students with regard to the extent electronic media integration enhances teaching and learning process, students assessment and evaluation as well as factors militating against integration of electronic media into distance education programmes of tertiary institutions in South East Nigeria. Significant difference was however found in terms of the extent electronic media integration enhances record keeping of distance education programmes. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made, amongst them were that adequate funds should be provided for the procurement of multimedia facilities by government and that organisers of distance education programmes should ensure the effective integration of available electronic media into teaching learning for qualitative delivery of programmes.
The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the implementation of the Community and Social Development Programme (CSDP) using the community driven development approach in the development of communities in South Eastern Nigeria. Five research questions and five null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted an evaluative research design. The population of the study was 7,510 adult participants who are members of the community project management committees of the Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) in Abia, Ebonyi, Enugu and Imo States. The sample size of the study was 1,568 respondents obtained using the stratified proportionate random sampling technique. The data collecting instrument was the researcher’s developed questionnaire titled ‘Evaluation of the Implementation of the Community Driven Development Approach in the Development of Communities Questionnaire’. The instrument was face validated by three validates, two from Adult Education and Extra Mural Studies Department, University of Nigeria Nsukka and one from Measurement and Evaluation Department, Enugu State University of Science and Technology. The overall reliability index of 0.77 was obtained using the Cronbach Alpha. Data obtained from the respondents were analysed using the mean and standard deviation for the research questions, while the null hypotheses were tested using the Analysis of Variance (one way) at 0.05 level of significance. Findings obtained from the study revealed that to a very high extent the implementation of CDD approach on community development projects has reduced poverty. Furthermore, the findings also indicated that to a high extent the implementation of the approach has enhanced community participation, promoted rural empowerment enhanced achievement of social capital and social accountability. The null hypotheses were all accepted. Significant difference was not found in the mean ratings of respondents with regard to the extent the implementation of CDD approach on community development projects has reduced poverty, enhanced community participation, promoted rural empowerment, achieved social capital as well as social accountability. Based on the findings, the study recommended that more community members should be encouraged to participate in planning and execution of community development projects since the CDD approach was identified as an effective strategy for enhanced community participation.
The study was embarked upon to find the entrepreneurship education for poverty reduction among retirees in Enugu State, Nigeria. Four specific objectives with four corresponding research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The descriptive survey research design was used for the study. Literature pertinent to the study was reviewed. The population for the study consisted of nine thousand, three hundred and eighty retirees in Enugu State. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique by balloting was used to select nine hundred and thirty-eight (938) respondents used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a forty-one (41) item questionnaire (EEPRRQ). Four experts from Adult Education and Science Education Departments, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, validated the instruments. The reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach Alpha method on 20 copies and a correlation co-efficient of.93 was obtained and was adjured reliable for embarking on the study. Nine hundred and thirty-eight copies of the questionnaires were administered to the respondents and returned dully filled, giving 100% return rate. Percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t – test statistics was used to test the null hypothesis at 0.5 level of significance. The result of the study showed that continuous training and re-training of retirees on computer; baking; catering services; livestock farming like rearing of pig, goat, sheep among others were some of the entrepreneurship education that can enhance technical skills for poverty reduction among retirees to a high extents. It was also found that entrepreneurship education which can enhance business management skills for poverty reduction to a high extent were ability to keep records of what customers buy and amount spent; provision of stock at the lowest possible cost to customers and packaging products and services properly to attract customers in the market. The challenges that can hinder entrepreneurship education for poverty reduction to a high extent were poor funding by government and non-governmental organization; poor enabling business environment; and inadequate teaching materials, equipment and infrastructural facilities. The study also found that establishing enough skill acquisition centers for retirees ; government giving loan with affordable interest to retired civil servants when needed and reducing government taxation on small scale business enterprise among others were some of the strategies for enhancing entrepreneurship education for poverty reduction among retirees to a high extent. There was no significant difference between the mean responses of male and female retirees on the extent to which entrepreneurship education can enhance technical skills and business management skills for poverty reduction in Enugu State. The major implication of the findings of this study is that if the entrepreneurship education programme is adopted by the retirees, the rate of poverty level of the retirees will be reduced thereby improving their economic status. Based on the findings, the major recommendations among others were that the retirement benefit system (pension and gratuity) should be properly designed by the pension board or unit; the working staff before retirement should be given opportunities by their employers for self development on their preferred retirement benefit system (pension and gratuity) should be properly designed; the operators of the system must be properly educated and the enforcement mechanism must be properly developed so that retirees can get their benefit without tears; and retirees should be exposed to various adjustment dimensions of retirement such as psychological, social and economic adjustment of retirement for proper adjustment
The purpose of this study was to investigate the entrepreneurial competencies required for engaging retirees in small and medium scale businesses. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study was 11,698 retirees in Cross River State. Multistage sampling technique was adopted for the study. The sample for the study was 1,169 retirees. The instrument for data collection was 61 items structured questionnaire titled ‘entrepreneurial competencies required for engaging retirees in small and medium scale businesses for sustainable community development”. Modeled on a 4-points rating scale options of Strongly Agree (SA), Agree (A), Disagree (D) and Strongly Disagree (SD), with numerical values of 4, 3, 2, and 1 assigned to the responses. The instrument was validated by 3 experts. Crobach’s alpha was used to determine the internal consistency reliability of the instrument and was established at 0.721. The data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation for research questions and t-test statistics was used to analyze the hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance with the application of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The findings include that: some of the small and medium scale businesses and entrepreneurial competencies required for retirees’ engagement are not accepted while some are accepted. It is therefore recommended that more small and medium scale businesses should be developed and established with the associated competencies required for the retired entrepreneurs.
The study was aimed at assessing the extent to which the safe motherhood practices are provided in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. To guide the study, five research questions were formulated with the intention of assessing the various causes of maternal mortality among child-bearing mothers, the extent to which safe motherhood practices are provided during the ante-natal, natal and post-natal periods and the extent to which strategies are employed for improving the provision of safe motherhood practices in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Also, five null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was used. Stratified random sampling technique was employed to compose a sample of 437 respondents from a population of 664 members of the registered expectant mothers that attended ante-natal, natal and post-natal care services in public hospitals and health centres in both rural and urban areas of Nsukka Local Government Area. The instrument used for the study was a 44-item structured questionnaire titled Assessment of the Provision of Safe Motherhood Practices Questionnaire (APSMPQ). The instrument was face validated by three experts; one in measurement and evaluation and two in community development, all from University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Its reliability was ensured using Cronbach alpha estimate. Reliability co-efficient of .84 was obtained. Frequencies and percentages, weighted mean and standard deviation were used in analyzing the collected data. Administration of the instrument to the respondents was through direct delivery technique. Findings of the study revealed that the safe motherhood practices were provided to a moderate extent during the ante-natal, natal and post-natal periods. All the five null hypotheses were accepted showing that there were no significant differences between the mean ratings of expectant mothers in the rural areas and their counterparts in the urban areas on the extent to which safe motherhood practices were provided during the ante-natal, natal and post-natal periods in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were proffered which included that skilled health attendants should educate the child-bearing mothers and the community about their rights as clients, and that the state ministry of health should deploy trained nurses to provide maternal and child health care services by sensitizing communities about availability of daily maternal and child health care services.