It is a known fact that no country can develop without raising the level of literacy in
it. Therefore, any country that toys with its education is calling for trouble which may
eventually swallow it.
Governments at all levels i.e. at the Federal, State and Local levels are therefore
advised to not only enact policies in this sector but also carry such policies to their logical
conclusion. 'I'his requires adequate provision of funds at the educational sector, ensuring that
the right calibre of staff is employed at the various sectors of the economy and insisting on
adequate remuneration in all the sectors of the economy:
This study was undertaken to find out the level of implementation of the 1988 civil service reforms in Kogi state. to facilitate the collection of data, various source of data acquisation were used.this include questionnaire, related text materials and interviews.
The vital and indispensable roles Peace and Security play in all facets ofhurnan development
and existence, especially in our society is incontrovertibly invaluable and cannot either be swept under
the carpet or dismissed with mere wave ofhands. This is a truism because in any society, be it simple or
complex, developed or developing and rural or urban, man in his state of nature is a wanting animal, and
insatiable, who is always conftonted with the problems of diverse interest and goals, at times insoluble,
unless hfi-hgement upon people's rights is employed.
According to Olurnese, in Adeniyied. (1985 : 48), Citing Thomas Hobbes's history of an ordered
social life, using the theory ofUselfishness of man", man in his state of nature anything goes, and the
world was a jungle in which self-interest was the only thing which kept each man fiom slitting his
neighbour's throat, and stealing his possessions. During that primitive society, crime was neither frowned
at, given much attention, nor needed any definition or clarification. It involved no ofiicial action, but were
private matters. Individuals who were wronged would seek compensation from the wrong doer or the
wrong doer's family. This system got broken down when the family structures changed as the society
became more complex. And as people became more and more mobile, the private vengeance became
difficult, ifnot practically impossible to enforce. In order to put an end to the prevailing chaotic state of
affairs, men agreed to set up certain ground rules so as to survive. The only reason, however, for the
establishment of these rules was based purely on personal selfishness. "If1 am to live, I have to let others
live too, and XI am to have any secured possession ofproperty, 1 must let others have the sme security
This research venture is aimed and targeted at determining the role of small scale industries in rural development using Udi Local Government as a ncase study. The desire to embark on this study was triggered off by the top priority which rural development programme has amongst the activities of various governments, especially in the third world countries.
The main thrust of this study was to critically assess Local
Government and Rural development. Therefore, this research is geared
towards studying Local Government in rural development using Ankpa
Local Government council of Kogi State as a case study.
Local Government in Nigeria has assumed a position of critical
importance in the nation's attempt at building a representative and
sustainable political system based on a democratic culture of
transparency, accountability and efficient management of resources.
Most of the transformation in the political system over the last two
decades almost invariably had the reform of the system of Local
Government as a key turning-point an indication that successive
governments have rightly perceived and recognized Local Governments as
a key stone upon which a desirable political system should be built.
There is no doubt that Local Governments are vested with enormous
powers and responsibilities as a third tier of government but regrettably,
they have not been able to live up to expectations. The research exhaustively explained the concept of Local Governments and Rural Development and their implications in rural Rural Development ranges from support from the higher ties of governments, for the Local Governments, lack of qualified and experienced skilled manpower, political instability with the Local Government system and general body politics of the country, corruption on the part of the whole machinery of the Local Government Administration, lack of proper mobilization of the rural populace or community for equal participation in embracing development activities or programme of their area, lack of proper rural development framework (approach strategy) e.t.c. The research report therefore stands to rectify why Local Governments should be given the serious attention they deserved putting into consideration their places or position and roles in Rural development, most especially the impacts or effect in poor performance on rural dwellers. The literature review and the theoretical framework provided.
A case has been made for the need to maintain facilities in the country. This will at least minimize the unprecedented wastage in the country.
Governments, at the Local, State and Federal levels are therefore adviced to among other things, provide resources for maintenance, use the available funds
judiciously to ensure prompt and adequate maintenance of
facilities. And while employing enough personnel at the
Maintenance Department ensure adequate training and
retraining of such staff to keep them abreast of available
The 2 percent of initial capital outlay suggested by the
researcher to be set aside for maintenance agree.: favourably
with lvor H. Seeley's suggestion.
Financial Management in Nigerian Tertiary
Institution; A Case Study of the Kogi State College
of Education, Ankpa
Managing Public Enterprises in Nigeria: A case study of
Benue Cement Company Limited, Gboko Benue State
This study centres on the Impact of Monetization of Fringe Benefits on the
Productivity of Nigerian Workers with specific focus on the Federal
Polytechnic. Idah. In carrying out the study, three hypotheses were
formulated to guide the researcher. They are briefly stated as follows:
Proper Implementation of the Monetization Policy will lead to positive
change in work attitude, thus, enhancing productivity of workers; there is a
relationship between monetization of fiinge benefits and job satisfaction
among workers in the Federal Polytechnic, Idah and finally, increase in
salaries through monetized benefits is not sufficient to meet the basic needs
ofworkers. To validate these hypotheses and the principal research
questions set out in the statement of the problem, data were generated
through primary sources (like questionnaire, oral interview and observations)
and secondary sources such as text books, internet materials, journals,
newspapers, magazines. The data -From the questionnaire were subjected to
statistical analysis. The analysis revealed among other things that although
the policy is partially implemented, it has boosted the morale of workers and
enhanced job performance through positive change in work attitude.
Furthermore, the study shows that increase in salaries through monetized.
ICh.is work i r r an x-r>y - of the implications of the 19
C i v i l -';elvice Heforms on t h e performance of the Kogf State
Civi.1 %mice. The study !.!as n e c e s s i t a t e d by the fact tha
scrvjce f o r the p r o v i ~ i o n of social amenities were always
c-rllcr:l;ations, To solve the immense problem o f inept5 tude ,
comnpt.ion nnd ineffectiveness, General Ibrahim Badarnasi
'?n?~-?-in:l n in-l.roduceA t h e 1988 c i v i l s e r v i c e reforms ,
The stndy has revealed that, some aspects or the r e f o
have lwpely been implemented in Kogi S t a t e , although, n o t
witkout- come obstacles.
T.t wnr: di-covered in -the course of the s t u d y that.,
2 -P nnpoin t i , et~s o ? Izi rector -Ceneral a r e p o l i t i c i s e d , nonre
To. .. ir, inndequatc to solve the fundamental problems of
?,',p c i ~ ~ sielrv ice, hence e f f o r t s shoulci be pearecl towcvds
* # It; was also discovered t h a t , t'nc 1988 c i v i l s e r v i c
reform j. n, nrone to corrupt-ion and fimancial mismanagem
i?o:uJ.tiripr Cro:~l t h o f a c t t h a t , the functions of Chief
9 ~ e c tui v c ~/ - 4 c c o r n t i n yO f f i c e r s of Mi n i d r i e s , h i t h e ~ t o
e v r r c i ac ci by forrn~er Permanent :jecre-xries, now Director
~ R ~ I P T ? ],. h.we been t r a n s f e r r e d t o Commissioners who can
-!I(? cnri1.y controsled.
Tile r e s e a r c h ~ rh as a n t i c i p a t e d l;h2t, p r o f e a o i o n a l i
o-:.' r!;inintrins w i l l boost- the xiorale of the zreater majo
of civil ::emants, b u t t h e f i n d i n g s proved him wronc.
I r o ~ l c v c ~m,~ n yo f t k l c r e swndent s a r e happy wi-1;h c'weer
, ~?-.or rc ,?.-:ion, i~u t :m a j o r i t y nYc unhappy w i t n non-crossc
i r n : t - i n y of o f f i c e r s from one ministry t o another.
The post of Director-Miera1 shoulcl he d e - p o l i t i c i
2nd those appointed must not only be rnen/women of prove
.!'.ntcTity, but nust n e t re-tire with the ,govelr?ment that
The .iden of n o n l t r a n s f e r of o f f i c e r s from one
r 7 - i , i i r t r y -to mother should be reviewed, i n order to yivthcln
wea-l-cr exposure. ~ 6 r es t r i n g e n t measures should
crnlwrl~ccl unon with a ,view t o b r i n p i n c to book, p o l i t i c a
rppointces t h a t mj:h t vi& to misuse t h e i r positions.
Those to be appointed commissioners, must not only
Imo!:lle(t:~eable, but must he rnen/women of proven i n t e p r i t
.-mi' 11nql.x s t i o n d 1~c c h , ~ ntce r , i n o r d e r t o per form we l l .
Thr! cixccs:: of p r o f e s ~ i o n a l i ~ a t i o onf' ministries i
nrci!lrnf:ed on sound t r n i n i n p ; therefore, ad.equate pwovi
since the introduction of the Structural ~djustment
Programme (SAP) in 1986, no serious study has been
conducted to evaluate the impact of SAP on the
productivity of Merchant Banks in ~igeria. This
study has been designed to bridge this qap in knowledge,
The study has been partitioned into five chapters,
Chapter 1 covers the introductory phase of the inquiry
which includes statement of the problem, objectiveof
the study, significance of the study, literature review
In chapter 2, we examined the oriqin and deve-
lopment of merchant banks in ~iqeria, In addition,
the functions and services rendered by merchant banks
were critically analysed,
Tn chapter 3, we examined the oriqin and deve-
lopment of the Structural Adjustment Programme in
Nigeria and its impact on the performance of the
merchant banks in the country.
Chapter 4, which is the main chapter, concentrated
on the impact of SAP on the productivity of merchant
banks in ~igeria. The profit marqin and productivity
of these banks before SAP was introduced were compared
to the performance of these banks since 1986 when
SAP came into operation.
We summarized and concluded in chapter 5.
The research work studied the role of the Public CornpIaints Commission
to National Development,
The objective of the research identified and examined the importance but
salient role being played by the commission in which many people
including the elites and the rural populace are unaware. The study also
examined how conflicts amicably resolved creates the required
environment for the peaceful conduct of public affairs.
To achieve the objective, the researcher identified research problem on
power, functions and limitation of the commission in this onerous msk of
administering social justice.
Thus, the research work tested the vaIidity or otherwise of the following
1. Public complaint is a toothless bull-dog because it lack the
use of sanctions to seek compliance.
2. Despite the limitation of sanctions by public complaints
commission, it has helped through persuasion and reasoning
to protect the legitimate interest of the aggrieved citizens,
safe a lot of persons from exploitation by officials and
institutions and, the same time increased peopIe confidence
in their government.
3. The existence of public complaints commission has
cautionarv effects on the overhearing attitude of over zealous
public officers and their tendency to miss-use the power
invested in them.
Documentary design that deals with an evaluation of the written
materials on public complaints commission was the method
employed. The sources of data collected in chapter four were
through the secondary source. The activities of the commission,
the annual reports of the decree establishing the commission. The
sample for analytical frame work was drawn from the operational
statistics on Kogi State Branch of Public Complaints Commission from January - December 1999 annual report.
From the data collected and analysed we have the following
summarized find ing s :
The commission's efforts were been frustrated because of
lack of adequate cooperation by some various administrative
agencies and the commission lack adequate power to enforce
or exert authority.
Though it lack the power of sanction. Its approaches of
persuasion, reasoning devotion and tacks, yielded result in
resolving cases amicabIy.
The commission has become the last hope for the common
man because of its cheap and free access by the people.
It is a quasi-judicial regulatory agency, it vindicate the just
when wronsly accused, because some of the comphints
were based on simple misunderstanding of government
5. Some informed Ministry, organisation, parastatals are being
caution in the application of the rule of law
6. Large portion of the people within the organisation are not
even aware of its activities.
a. We recommended that PCC require more power
because some cases require force or coersion, to seek
b. Vigorous publicity campaign should be embarked
upon through the media in every state of the
c. The commission should be adequately financed
because its activities requires mobility to reach out to
d. Relevant staff training for investigation officers and
other staff in the commission should be encouraged to
enable them cope with the rudiments of the job.
e. Staff warfare should be given deserving attention by
placing staff on special salary.
This work centered on private enterprises and rural development in Anambra state. The objectives include: to ascertain the extent to which private enterprises have contributed to rural development in Anambra state; to find out the challenges facing private enterprises in rural development in Anambra state; to examine the measures to enhance participation of private enterprises in rural development in Anambra state.It is a survey type of research since it investigated what happened in the researcher’s absence. It is also explanatory in nature; having tried to explain the role played by private enterprises in Anambra state. In sampling, stratified random sampling technique was applied where the researcher created strata to represent different interests within the population. Also, purposive sampling was applied in the selection of the respondents, since only those who possessed relevant information could respond well to the researcher’s interview. In the same vein, data was gathered using primary and secondary instruments such as interview, books and journals. Content analysis was used to analyze the data gathered. Thus, the findings are that: private enterprises in Anambra state have not contributed to rural development through the provision of social infrastructure, though their presence in the rural areas of Anambra state has helped in solving the problem of rural-urban migration. They have provided employment as in the case of Innoson Nigeria Limited; poor planning, lack of managerial skill and lack of fund are among the challenges facing private enterprises in rural development in Anambra state; the formation of unions and associations by private enterprises, fair government regulations and cordial relationship between the private enterprises and the rural community are some of the measures that enhance participation of private enterprises in rural development in Anambra state. Finally, we recommend that: private enterprises should as a form of corporate social responsibilities, provide social amenities that will improve the living standards of the local people; there is need for sustained collaboration between government and the operators of private sector organizations by providing adequate incentive and the needed enabling environment to stimulate and foster the growth of the private sector organizations in Nigeria; rural populace should increase their efforts in patronizing the products and services of private enterprises in the rural area in order to encourage them to serve the rural people better and expand their ventures and bring development to the rural people.
This study was on investment management practices and growth of public enterprises in Enugu state, Nigeria. The objective of this thesis was to identify investment management practices employed in public enterprises in Enugu State; and explain how the adoption of appropriate investment management practices promoted the growth of the enterprises. The purpose of this study was to analyse any observed growth of public enterprises in Enugu State in terms of the extent to which they employed proper investment management practices. In the course of this study, we adopted a survey research method. Three methods of data gathering namely; documents, questionnaire and oral interviews were used. Hence, primary and secondary data were used to analyse the data. In applying purposive sampling technique, responses from a total of 20 respondents were analysed. Mean score statistics and single classification analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed to analyse the data. The data were presented in tables, bar chart, pie chart and graphs. Research revealed that the extent to which: capital budgeting decision practices were applied in public enterprises in Enugu state was low in ENTRACO, low in IKH, average in ESMC and high in NLR; control practices were adopted in public enterprises in Enugu State was average in ENTRACO, average in IKH, high in ESMC and high in NLR; and employees of public enterprises were motivated was low in ENTRACO, low in IKH, average in ESMC and high in NLR. Consequently, auxiliary enterprises in ENTRACO was 0, in IKH was 0, in ESMC was 1 and in NLR were 3. Internal rate of return in: ENTRACO was 19.8%, IKH was 10.2%, ESMC was 33.9% and NLR was 34.2%. ANOVA revealed that the application of appropriate investment management practices in public enterprises in Enugu State influences their growth. This analysis was in agreement with our empirical findings. Based on our findings, we recommended that public enterprises should adopt; internal rate of return technique to ascertain the internal rate of returns on investments; reappraisal of investment to determine whether value for money was being obtained from any level of investment; and sponsoring of employees for studies on project initiation so as to equip the employees with the skill of initiating investments.
The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) essentially was construed as an instrument of national unity and socio-cultural integration. It was established by the General Yakubu Gowon Administration in Decree no. 24 of 1973. Seen and conceived as a rallying and unifying force for Nigerians, especially the youth, the corps members were to use their period of service to acquaint themselves with the traditions and cultures of other various ethnic groups of their areas of primary assignment. The study incisively explored the extent to which the National Youth Service Corps scheme was administered in Imo State within the period 2003-2011. It set out to probe how some critical variables like human resources, funding and communication impinged on the administration of the scheme. Data for the study were generated through two sources: Primary and Secondary. The primary sources were questionnaire and personal interviews. The secondary sources included books, journals, Government publications, Magazines and internet materials. Presentation and analysis of data were qualitative and deductive. To achieve this, qualitative materials were classified into appropriate categories using statistical tables and bar charts. We employed simple percentages, means, Chi square and basic statistical tools to analyze the data derived from questionnaires. The study took its bearing from the implementation theory that helped us address the administrative challenges of the National Youth Service Corps scheme in Imo State. It was found that there were adequate human resources for the administration of the National Youth Service Corps Scheme in Imo State. The National Youth Service staff were competent, diligent and knowledgeable and observed work ethics. Funds constituted serious impediments in the execution of the scheme. It was also found out that there were adequate communication among the Federal, State, Local Government and the Operating Agencies in the NYSC scheme in Imo State. The study recommended, among other things, that adequate funds be made available to the operating agencies to ensure smooth administration of the scheme and realization of the National Youth Service objectives. It was also recommended that the Imo State Government build a befitting NYSC orientation camp for corps members for effective orientation programme.