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A Critical Analysis of the 1988 Civil Service Reform as it Affects the Imo State Civil Service Commission
The governments of most underdeveloped coumtries in the world, including Nigeria have , for better or worse, adopted programmes of heavy and increasing government spending. To this end, therefore, government decided to source more forms of revenue generation by introducing personal income taxation.
It has been expanded by scholars such as Rudin Hargreaves, lewis, Kofele Kule and Evans that Cameroon as a nation with a complex historical background was administered first by Germans 1884-1914 and followed by Anglo_French Trusteeship Joint Venture 1916-1960.
This research is aimed at finding why the university of nigeria cannot absorb and upgrade some of its staff who have returned to the service of the university after their training. In order to find explanation to this problem we went into the evaluation of manpower planning in the University of nigeria nsukkka.
Motivation is of enormous importance with regard to enhancing performance in organization. It is mostly used in organizations to increase job performance and consequently job satisfaction among workers. The activities of any organization are determined by the human resources of that organization. If the human resources are not well managed and maintained, it will have a disadvantageous effect on that organization. Local government system in Nigeria is an Organization where workers employed are not committed to the organizational set goals and objectives due to lack of motivation, rather they indulged in indisciplinary act like lateness to work, unwillingness to work, ghost workers etc which led to low performance within the local government system. This study assessed the impact of motivation on performance in Nigeria local Governments: A study of local governments in Abia state. 580 respondents from six local governments across the three senatorial zones in Abia state was used for the study. Relevant literature of erudite scholars were reviewed, the study adopted Abraham Maslow needs theory as a theoretical framework. Hypotheses formulated were carried out in order to generate data from the study area. Chi square was used to test the three hypotheses. The result obtained from the analysis showed that there exist a significant relationship between motivation and performance. The findings of the study reveals that poor motivation of workers hinders their performance. The researcher recommends that all local government system in Nigeria should motivate its staff with good incentives like promotion, training, medical facilities, good housing etc in order to increase their level of performance towards achievement of organizational goals.
Corporate social responsibility, which is the set standard adopted by companies to positively impact on the society has the potential to contribute to poverty reduction and sustainable development in the world. With the advent of economic globalization, firms no longer act as independent entities without regarding the interest of the general public. States, civil societies and businesses among others, are now considered the key agents of sustainable development; and business has become more successful and seems to be playing a leadership role. The objective of this thesis is to therefore to examined the Corporate social responsibility of MTN and Glo in Anambra and Enugu States from (2003- 2013). In the light of the above, the study specifically examined why the MTN and Glo companies engage in corporate social responsibility, the impact of MTN and Glo corporate social responsibility on the stakeholders in Anambra and Enugu States and how MTN and Glo can enhance their corporate social responsibility in order to achieve greater stakeholder’ satisfaction in Anambra and Enugu States. Data collected for this study are from both primary and secondary sources Primary data were obtained from pretested questionnaire administered to 250 respondents in Anambra and Enugu states of Nigeria using both stratified and purposive sampling technique. Data was analyzed using chi- square. The analysis of data and the interpretation of results reveal that the corporate social responsibility activities of MTN and Glo have impacted positively on stakeholders in the states; although the awareness level is still low. The study however concluded that the corporate social responsibility activities of MTN and Glo are relatively inadequate in the states when considered from the enormous profit generated by the companies in the states.
The study examined the Prison Reforms and management in Nigeria and its impact on the welfare of inmates with emphasis on Enugu prison. Nigerian prisons under the military leadership lost its correctional values and become more or less a miniature hell and far from what is obtained in a modern society. The state of the prisons attracted both national and international condemnation and upon the advent of the fourth Republic, the Federal Government in 2001 initiated a Reform roadmap for Nigerian prisons. Prison congestion was identified as the bedrock of the prison crisis. In this regard, the problem became how to identify among the various reform programmes, the one that most positively impacted the inmates, particularly Enugu prison inmates. The data for the study were generated from primary and secondary sources. From the data generated, the study discovered that the reform programmes to a large extent positively impacted the prison authority and the inmates, particularly Enugu prison inmates. The study concluded that caution should be taken against corruption which is the bane of development in Nigeria and recommended retraining of Nigerian police, crime prevention, community service among others as ways of sustaining the reform programmes.
Multinational Corporations are now globally accepted business firms which have adopted various cultures and take responsibility for their host communities socially. The appraisal of multinational corporation to the contribution of community development became necessary to evaluate the extent of exploration carried out by multinational corporations in Nigeria. The study investigated Oil Exploitation by Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited and socio-economic activities of the people of Akwa Ibom State, 2000-2014. The study adopted Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as it theoretical framework of analysis. Corporate Social Responsibility is seen as a continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as the local community. It is one of the newest management strategies where companies try to create a positive impact on the society while doing business. Data for the study were gathered through primary and secondary sources. The research findings based on our empirical investigation revealed among others that available social development indicators in Akwa Ibom State point to inadequate, unavailable, and poor quality infrastructure and social services, from water to telecommunication, the historical neglect of the region’s development poses a steep barrier to attaining socio-economic transformation . The study recommended among others that government should provide adequate mechanism that would monitored the activities of the oil companies in the area. The affected communities should be provided with an alternative livelihood since their environment has been devastated due to oil companies activities.
Despite major efforts and some progress over the last decades by government and private organizations, women continue to be disadvantaged in comparison with men in many aspects of life. Women are relegated to background in all aspects of life; be it political, economic, training and education, deployment and even socio-cultural. The problems of sex-role typing, glass ceiling effect and discrimination in the workplace are form of gender issues which impeded Human Resource Management. Problems arising from these issues are found to have negative consequences on the work role of female workers. Therefore, the study was designed to investigate gender issues and Human Resource Management in some selected twenty secondary schools in Enugu state Ministry of Education. The nature of this research made it imperative for both primary and secondary data to be used. The population of study consists of the eight hundred and fifty (850) secondary school teachers. The sample size was 20 teachers from twenty (20) public schools in Enugu state. In all 400 teachers are sampled and they all received questionnaires. The sampling procedure used was the Stratified random sampling procedure. The responses from questionnaire were used to test the hypotheses formulated. Data collected were presented and analyzed using frequency table. This is statistically presented using a simple percentage formula. It was found that gender issues as it relates to Human Resource Management has been as a result of socio- cultural attachment given to men as head and women as subordinates. It was also the opinion of the respondents that low educational attainment among women hinders effective Human Resource Management. Based on the study summary and conclusion, the researcher gave many recommendations which included attempt to soften male- centered structures in workplace in order to ensure equal opportunity to both male and female in the process of developing and managing Human Resources efficiently and effectively. The recommendations also pointed out that training and formal education is important to ensure that the potentials of both males and females are tapped optimally.
Frequent agitation for state creation has been recurring phenomenon in the political history of Nigeria. This has raised a lot of controversy during national debate. Four research questions guided the study. They included what steps has been made by the people towards the creation of Adada state? what are the obstacles inhibiting the creation of Adada State? how can the creation of Adada state bring about national development in Nigeria? What are the recommendations for the achievement of the creation of Adada state?. Four Specific objectives guided the study which includes; to discover the various steps that has been made by the people towards the creation of Adada state, to find out the obstacles inhibiting the creation of Adada State, to forecast if the creation of Adada state will bring about national development in Nigeria, to find out recommendations that can lead towards the achievement of the creation of Adada state. Interview was used as the major source of data collection for this study, while content analysis was used as the method of data analysis. The theory of decentralization was used as the theoretical framework for this study. The findings of the study showed that due process has been followed in the request for the creation of Adada state and the creation of Adada state will bring about national development in Nigeria. Notwithstanding, some recommendations were made.
This study examined the flood disaster and human resource development in Nigeria from 2011 – 2012 using Uzo-Uwani Local Government as a study area. The study contended that many individuals, families and communities in Nigeria have suffered colossal lost both human lives and properties/valuable materials owing to the unexpected natural hazards especially the flood that ravaged some parts of Nigeria in which some parts of Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area were mostly affected. However, efforts are usually put forward to help victims of hazards and to prevent future occurrence of hazards. In other words, both governmental and non-governmental organizations have rendered some kinds of assistance to victims of disasters in Nigeria. But the provision of relief assistance by the disaster management agencies in Nigeria is still not effective. This has great consequences on the human resource development in Nigeria especially in rural communities like in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area. Therefore the broad objective of this study is to undertake empirical investigation in the influence of flood disaster on human resource development in Nigeria. In more specific terms, this study intends to achieve the following: to find out the recommendations made towards solving the problems of flood disaster which affect human resource development in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area; to examine of the government on drainage system increase flood disaster to the detriment of human resource development in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area; to ascertain the major challenges facing the management of flood disaster as it relates to human resource development in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area; and to suggest measures towards reducing occurrence and management of flood disasters as well as improving human resource development in such situation. The data used in this study was collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary methods/sources were research instrument (questionnaire) which we complemented with the available information on the secondary sources of data. Some research questions were asked as a guide to the respondents. The questionnaire contained (eighteen questions) structured questions designed in both open and close ended style. In addition, the questionnaire was validated and administered accordingly. Secondary sources of data collection on the other hand, included textbooks, journal, government documents and internet materials. The study adopted tables, histogram tables, and descriptive method for data analysis. The data analysis revealed that: flood disaster has enormous consequences on human resource development and management of Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area especially in areas of education, health and sanitation, agriculture and farming, trading and commerce, among others. The study recommended that government should be proactive in protecting the flood prong areas by reviewing all the environmental protection policies and establish make the flood management agencies more effective. It is also recommended that evacuation of people in the flood prong areas and their resettlement in the none-flood areas is paramount in order to save human lives.
The ascendancy of the Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) as a policy platform made liberalization and privatization dominant themes of development strategies in Nigeria. Thus, the changed attitude towards the role of the private sector in the development of the Nigerian economy facilitated the expansion of the capital market. The market is a common feature of a modern economy and reputedly performs some necessary functions, which promote the growth and development of the nation. Capital markets facilitate the mobilization and allocation of medium and long-term funds for productive investment. Prior to the late 1980s, international donors and governments in developing countries held the notion that entrepreneurial functions could be better served by the state through public ownership of the means of production, taxation, licensing and regulation. However, poor performance of the public sector, misallocation of resources, market distortions and negative economic growth influenced a re-evaluation of the state-led development strategy. The objective of this study was to examine the administration of the Nigerian capital market and its effects on national development in the country from 1980 to 2009. The specific objectives of the study were to: (i) examine the administration of the Nigerian capital market and the mobilization of long-term funds for national development in Nigeria, and (ii) appraise the administrative roles of the Nigerian capital market in facilitating wealth creation and provision of long-term funds needed for national development in Nigeria. This study adopted a survey research design. Data collections were done through two main sources, namely primary and secondary sources. The primary sources were through interview. Interviews were conducted with the key stakeholders in the Nigerian capital market, namely the Director-General and five directors of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the Chief Executive Officer of the Nigerian Stock Exchange and his three executive directors. The secondary data were collected from books, journals, periodicals, magazines, newspapers, government publications, conference papers, published and unpublished works of relevant authorities such as the Nigerian Stock Exchange Annual Report and Accounts, and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin. The primary data generated were analyzed using Chi-square. There was a significance association (p < 0.05) between the administration of the Nigerian capital market and mobilization of long-term funds for national development in the country from 1980 to 2009. The Nigerian capital market performed well within the period. The market experienced border listings and transactions, high influx of foreign investments and investors. Statistics showed purchases (inflow) by foreign investors during 2009 to be in excess of N228.986 billion, representing 33.4% of the aggregate turnover – an increase, when compared with the N153.457 billion recorded in 2008. Concurrently, total sales (outflow) during the year were in excess of N195.583 billion, culminating in a net inflow of N33.403 billion, a reversal of the net outflow of N480.5 billion in 2008. The average number of listed companies in the Nigerian stock market for 1980-1999 periods was 129 companies. At the end of 1999, the number of listed securities stood at 269 including 196 companies. The market boasted of over ten million shareholders. The administrative roles of the Nigerian capital market facilitated wealth creation and provision of needed funds for national development in the country during the period. Privatization provided additional listing on the stock market, enlarged equity shares, and injected new life into the market.
Transformational leadership describes the ideal relationship between leaders and followers. It facilitates a redefinition of a people’s mission and vision, a renewal of their commitment and the restructuring of their systems for goal accomplishment. The ultimate goal of education management is to enhance the institutional mission by ensuring high quality teaching, training, research and services to the immediate and global communities. The achievement of these objectives requires good governance that combines social vision with the understanding of global issues coupled with efficient managerial skills to enhance academic leadership, thus academic productivity. The general goal of the study was to assess how the Federal Universities in South Eastern Nigeria had achieved effective management which is a necessity for their attainment of the world class University Status through the adoption of Transformational Leadership Behaviours. The specific objectives of this study are to: (i) examine the relationship between transformational leadership behaviours and effective management of Federal Universities in the South Eastern Nigeria; (ii) determine the extent to which Nigeria University managers apply transformational leadership roles in their management of the Federal Universities in South East and (iii) identify the challenges of transformational leadership behaviours in the management of the South Eastern Federal Universities. Primary and secondary sources of data collection were used in this study. Primary sources comprised personal observation and face to face interview. The secondary sources included books, newspapers, journals and official documents. The population of the study was 21,000 staff members comprising principal officers, lecturers, senior and junior administrative and Technical staff on the one hand, and a population of 91,000 students from University of Nigeria, Nnamdi Azikiwe University and Federal University of Technology Owerri. Purposive sampling technique was employed in drawing a total of 69 members of staff and 21 student union executive members from different cadres in the three Universities studied. The study found out that Transformational Leadership Behaviours has significant relationship with effective management. Federal Universities in the South Eastern Nigeria need Transformational leaders to be able to attain a World Class University Status. The absence of idealized influence poses a challenge to the application of Transformational Leadership behaviours in the Federal Universities in South Eastern Nigeria.
Poverty is a major problem in developing countries including Nigeria. In Nigeria, poverty has become endemic, affecting social, political and economic aspects of peoples’ lives. Poverty discourse and definitions are multifarious and highly extensive. However, poverty is pronounced when the basic necessities of life, which include adequate income, education, good health, security, self-confidence and certain freedoms, are absent. Literature abounds in expatiating on the subject matter. Furtherance to the discussion is the search for diverse solutions to the bane of poverty especially in developing countries. Despite the fact that poverty is a common phenomenon in many developing countries like Nigeria; it seems to be a unique dilemma that has defied all understanding. The study focused on NGOs and poverty alleviation in Nigeria with special reference to National Association of Seadogs NAS 2010-2015. NAS has been encountering serious challenges in reaching its target areas in its work on poverty alleviation in Nigeria 2010-2015. To this end, the study answered questions such as, to what extent has NAS contributed to poverty alleviation in Nigeria 2010-2015 through its operations and programmes? What are the constraints on effective implementation of NAS poverty alleviation programmes in Nigeria 2010-2015? What relevant suggestions can be made to improve on NAS operations in relation to poverty alleviation in Nigeria? This is predicated on three major objectives designed to find out the extent to which NAS has contributed to poverty alleviation in Nigeria 2010-2015 through its operation and programmes, to identify the constraints to effective implementation of NAS poverty alleviation programmes in Nigeria 2010-2015 and to outline relevant suggestions to improve on NAS operations with respect to poverty alleviation in Nigeria. The study was anchored on the theory of humanism postulated by Kenneth Kaunda. Three hypothetical statements guided the work. They are, NAS operations have significantly contributed to poverty alleviation in Nigeria 2010-2015; Lack of funds, impassable roads and rewards are significant constraints on effective implementation of NAS poverty alleviation programmes in Nigeria 2010-2015; and there is a significant positive relationship between NAS operations and the suggested improvements to poverty alleviation programmes. The study suggested that grants and assistance from government will improve the poverty alleviation performance of NAS. Also, construction of passable roads will increase NAS access to the very poor in rural areas of Nigeria.
This research work examined administrative reforms and public service efficiency in Nigeria using Enugu state (1999-2003) as a case study. The study held that administrative reforms had moral contents in that, they are seeking to create better and responsive civil service by removing faults and imperfections in Enugu State civil service and generally in Nigerian civil service. The information used in this study were collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary method or sources of data collection included the use of a research instrument, (the questionnaire) and interview. Some research questions were asked as guide to the respondents in order to elicit first hand information on the subject matter. The questionnaire contained twenty two structured questions designed in both open and close ended style. In addition, the questionnaire was validated and administered accordingly. Secondary sources of data collection on the other hand, included textbooks, journal, government documents and internet materials. The study formulated two hypotheses to guide the data analysis using simple percentage, tables, pie chart and chi-square statistical method for data analysis. The data analysis revealed that; administrative reforms aim at creating a responsive and efficient civil service in Enugu State. The findings revealed that administrative reform programmes on Anti-corruption, Public Procurement, Due Process, Service Delivery Initiative, Performance Improvement Bureau, Budget Monitoring and Price Intelligence, Human Resource Management programmes yielding good results towards improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the Enugu State civil service. The results further revealed that high incidence of bureaucratic corruption and poor service delivery are among the key challenges militating against administrative reforms programmes in the Enugu State civil service. It is based on these findings that the study recommended that more efforts should be directed towards eradicating corruption in the Enugu State Civil Service and generally in the Nigerian Civil Service in order to reposition the service to be goal oriented. Also there is need to provide the civil servants with modern facilities in order to strengthen service delivery among others. Staff motivation should be enhanced as a way of stimulating high work performance in the civil service.