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The Concept of Sin and Atonement in Igbo Traditional Religion: A Case Study of Ezza Community in Ebonyi State

By Nwangama, Edwin Ukpabi

The concept of sin and its atonement have been the subject of
everyday discussion in religious circles. Sin has done more harm
than good to humanity and because of this, man from the beginning
have never relented in his search for a reliable means of atoning for
sins Committed so as to be in harmony with his maker one's more. In
order to find out what actually constitute sin in Igbo traditional religion
and culture, as well as how the sins committed could be atoned for,
Ezza community is taken by the researcher as a case study

Published: 01/08/2005

Tags: Sin, Atonement, Igbo Traditional Religion, Ezza Community, Ebonyi State

Size: 13.40MB


By Iheukwu, Samuel Nkemdirim Chinemerem

This work undertook to study the nature of conflict that from time to time arises both within the Church and around it with particular reference to the Diocese of Enugu, Anglican Communion. It is to critically examine how they are managed and prevented from escalating and disturbing the work of ministry and the entire society. We made use of phenomenological methodology in this research work because it is the most suitable research method for this type of research work and therefore collected our data through interviews, observation, reports and use of library materials. The Church’s approach to conflict management is unique. They adapt to the best possible most peaceful way or method to deal with conflict and this attitude is commending. Hence it was discovered that the Church is one of the most peaceful loving organization in our society and should be granted a reasonable rights to practice or participate in social mitigation in terms of conflict management. This will make the Church to be much more sensitive and alert to conflict management. Since a peaceful society is a way to a developing society, the concept of conflict management and the Church is apt to our national development. Conflict management is every bodies business, but organization like the Church that has a record of managing conflict properly should be highly commended.

Published: 12/12/2016

Tags: conflict management, Church, Anglican Diocese of Enugu

Size: 276.50KB


By Favour Chukwuemeka Uroko

The study examines Solomon’s wisdom and discerning mind as a strategy towards achieving effective leadership in Nigeria. Nigeria is blessed with abundant human resources. Furthermore, her materials resources are unquantifiable. Ordinarily, it is expected that good living, social justice, and equity should be the order of the day, but this hope is being dashed looking at the contemporary Nigerian situation. The level of poverty, unemployment, and protests going on in the country is a proof of the failure of leadership. It was discovered that the poor state of mind of Nigerian leaders and lack of consciousness of leadership responsibility, particularly in managing the divergent human and material resources has contributed to the sorry state of the Nation, politically and otherwise. This study utilized the narrative analysis which is mostly used to interpret histories or stories. It brings out underlying realities behind stories. The study recommends a holistic approach by the church in teaching people in leadership positions the need to seek divine understanding so as to enable them to lead well.

Published: 25/02/2017

Tags: Solomon's wisdom, roadmaps, effective leadership, Nigeria

Size: 265.00KB


By Eze, Virginus Uchenna

Psychological effects of rape among minors in Nsukka Local Government Area, Enugu State in the light of 2 Samuel 13:1-22 is an expositional attempt to analyze the event of incestuous act between Amnon the elder son of King David and Tamar David’s daughter in the house of King David and to see how its moral lesson could be used to address the social vice of Rape in study context. Summarily, the work focuses on the exegetical analysis of 2 Samuel 13:1-22 with a view of using its hermeneutical applications to suggest how to curtail rape and its attendant psychological effects. The researcher used the available Biblical materials in the library, journals, interviews, observations and internet materials to source his data. The event in 2 Samuel 13:1-22 is an exposition that discloses rape among two children of King David. This endemic crime was aided by parental gap and irresponsibility and bad companies. Unfortunately, this crime is a sin against God and the perpetrators were rejected, dejected and their right forfeited in the society.

Published: 16/05/2017

Tags: psychological effects, rape, minors, Nsukka, 2Samuel 13: 11-22

Size: 208.98KB


By Jov, Abraham Akpen

This study examines the role of Tiv Traditional Religion in Ecological Preservation. The phenomenological method was used to carry out the study. Data for the study was obtained from primary and secondary sources. The primary sources include information obtained through participant observation of religious rites, visits to religious and ecological sites and oral interviews. The oral interviews were administered to respondents through a purposive sampling and not based on any statistical evaluation of the sampled size. The secondary sources include information from books, newspapers, magazines and journal articles. The descriptive analytical approach was used in the analysis of data. The study shows that Tiv Traditional Religion employed akombo (mysterious cosmic and spiritual forces), tsav (inherent mysterious power, excellence and witchcraft), and various religious atindi (taboos) or tswer (prohibitions) as methods of ensuring ecological preservation. People dreaded the mysterious calamities associated with the violation of traditional religious taboos like misfortune and ill-health, leading to the preservation of the ecosystem. The study brings to light the contemporary relevance of Traditional Religious ecological preservation.

Published: 24/07/2017

Tags: ecological preservation, Tiv, traditional religion

Size: 2.64MB


By Orumah Christian Chinedu

In Nigeria, it is believed that the world of science/technology and the church are not completely in friendly term. Some of the propositions propounded by science/technology are very much distasteful to the church and this ensued bitter enmity between the church and science/technology irrespective of the positive impact science/technology has on human society including the church. Hence, this work presents a discussion on the impact of scientific and technological world and the challenges to the church using secondary source of data collection, besides personal observation, to explain facts about the subject matter. Though science and technology make impressive impact on the progress of the society, it is discovered that science and technology exist along with some negative aspects that are challenging to the church.

Published: 23/08/2017

Tags: Christian Church, scientific, technological, Nigerian society

Size: 91.93KB


By Onyeume, Anthony Onyedika

This study emphasized on the phenomenon and traditional religious practices as the pillar of human existence among Akpo people, this work in other words, aims at exposing the structure of traditional religious practices from the past to the present. It bears in mind how it could harmonize and enhance the understandings that exist in the premises of the people’s traditional religion among the indigenes. Having seen these Igbo belief patterns, we ought to see in this work how the traditional Akpo people as part of Igbo people pay reverence to some of those spiritual beings in form of worship from past to the present. This is because this research is concerned with the nomenclature given to the reverence Igbo (Akpo) give to supernatural beings inform of worship from time immemorial. Traditionalist in Akpo is often misunderstood to have belief in some things barbaric, devilish, and heathen and of no value. In Akpo land, some worship in specific places for a defined purpose while in some places for same purpose they worship in Igbo world-view, so many interpretations come in, in view of the fact that the traditional religious systems of Akpo people have not received it’s desired attention, the research has dwelt much here to unravel the intricacies of their religious worship systems in comparisms with that of other religions that co-exist with it. It will also explore the traditional religion is sustained by traditional worship that provide stability to traditional Akpo values in social, political, economics and religious life of the people.

Published: 22/09/2016

Tags: human existence, traditional religious practices, Akpo people, Aguata

Size: 141.49KB


By Badama, Ishaku Abuga

Freedom, which is Eleutheria in Greek, is a concept that is embraced by every human society but sometimes abused and misunderstood in its practice and application. Hence, the agitation to be free increasingly defines most human communities who struggle for liberation from existential human factors that enslave them. In Middle Belt of Nigeria, Christians’ expression of freedom is highly hampered by internal conflicts within the Church because of the challenges of ethno-religious crisis, religious discrimination and cultural imperialism by the northern hegemony and powerful feudal elements. Paul’s Letter to the Galatians communicated his concern for the Christians to be free from the yoke of slavery. Scholars have done very good works on the topic under investigation, but little is known to have been done on the realities of the social settings where the practice of freedom is misunderstood and abused. The specific objectives were to: (i) examine the concept of freedom in Galatians 5:1-15; (ii) examine the relationship between freedom and the crisis of identity that engulfed the Churches of Galatia, and (iii) contextualize the pericope in the real life situation of the Church and Society in the Middle Belt of Nigeria.

Published: 23/10/2017

Tags: hermeneutics, Eleutheria, Galatians, Middle Belt of Nigeria

Size: 330.07KB

Christianity and Socio-Cultural Practices in Onitsha Contemporary Society

By Enwonwu, Paul Okey

The study examines and exposes us to a deeper understanding of the state of relationship between Christianity and Onitsha socio-cultural practices.

Published: 06/06/2007

Tags: Christianity and Socio-Cultural Practices in Onitsha Contemporary Society

Size: 46.53MB

The Evangelical Mandate in Acts 1:8 and its Implication for the Mission of the Church

By Nzeadu, Godson Aneze

This study focuses specifically on this verse as to explore the perception of the image of mission. In the next chapter we shall start with literature review which will highlight various theologies of mission and exegetical essays on Acts 1:8.

Published: 02/12/2018

Tags: Evangelical Mandate, Acts 1:8, Mission of the Church.

Size: 7.95MB

The Science and Role of Fasting in Christian Building

By Maxwell, Onyekaozuru Mgbemere

The ethical norm of fasting has scriptural backing both in the new and old testaments, yet to some christian today fasting has entered the oblivion state.

Published: 20/12/2018

Tags: christian, fasting

Size: 5.49MB

The Socio-Economic and Cultural Impact of the Presbyterian Mission in North Eastern Igboland (1880-2006)

By Njoku, Donatus Igwe

The topic, the Socio-Economic and Cultural Impact of the Presbyterian
Mission in North Eastern Igboland 1880-2006 has not been fully
investigated and documented. Some missionaries that pioneered mission
activities have gone to rest with the Lord while those alive went home
with the written records of their work, some of which are found in their
diaries, while others are published in their mission magazines and most of
the documents have been lost. The problem has been made worse by the
ravages of Nigerian civil war that destroyed whatever records and
documents the missionaries left which the Church in thr zone might have
kept before the war.

Published: 01/08/2007

Tags: Presbyterian Mission, North Eastern, Igboland, (1880-2006)

Size: 12.32MB

Eschatological Implications of St. Paul’s Teaching on the Resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15

By Kemdirim, Otitodirichukwu Protus

There were many problems that beset early Christianity, problems that were not only disciplinary but also doctrinal; that were so immediate that an immediate solution was necessary to salvage it from what could have destroyed the early Christian worid-wide expansion, and the intention .of her founder.

Published: 02/12/2018

Tags: St. Paul’s Teaching, Resurrection

Size: 6.09MB

Yahwism Within Canaanite Culture: An African Christian Perspective

By Keripe, Olu Matthew

The issue of a religious faith establishing itself in a culture in which it is not indigenous has always been problematical

Published: 02/12/2018

Tags: Yahwism, Canaanite Culture

Size: 15.23MB


By Nwokolo, Owen Chiedozie

This work embodies an in-depth examination of the principles of parenting in the Old Testament and their significance to modern-day society. Particular reference was made to Deuteronomy 6: 4-9. In the Old Testament, Deuteronomy stands out as the book that contains the laws guiding family and social lives of the people. The book of Deuteronomy lays down the principles of parenting, which runs through the whole Old Testament. Parenting is seen as the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, intellectual and moral development of a child from infancy to adulthood. In the Old Testament/Traditional society, parenting responsibility went beyond biological/foster parents to include contributions from all members of the nuclear and extended family, members of one’s kindred and the entire community. They play specific roles at different stages of a child’s life towards his or her overall well-being in the society. Canonical Criticism of biblical studies and interpretation was adopted as the methodology for the study. This critical method builds upon the foundation of earlier methods and further portrays the Bible as a comprehensive collection of canonical writings that is sacred and normative in various communities of faith. This implies that the law given in Deuteronomy indicating the norms of training a child from infancy to adulthood is binding and encompasses the dictum for an egalitarian and cohesive society. Information was sourced through literature review, oral interview and personal observation. In its analysis of the quantum of available data, this work shows that the Biblical pattern for building a society devoid of corruption, indiscipline and violence is through the process of inculcating strong moral standards. This became apparent because the Old Testament consistently links proper parenting to a healthy society. However, the study found that poor parenting is one of the major causes of moral decadence in the contemporary society. The prevalent model of parenting today is grossly inadequate because many parents tend to be passive about their parenting responsibilities. The Biblical principles of child upbringing as contained in the Old Testament squarely located the hub of social cohesion and development on the pedestal of strong family values that were transmitted and sustained by active and proper parenting. Some principles of parenting from the Old Testament that can be applied to the Nigerian context include catechetical dogmatism and the appropriate interpretation and use of the rod. Hence, this work put forward the Old Testament ideal of parenting as a model for the present Nigerian society in order to alleviate the problems facing the nation.

Published: 06/07/2014

Size: 249.50KB