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The research was motivated by lack of documentation on missionary incursion in Obowu land. The researcher delved into geographical location, the land people and meaning of Obowu. The researcher reviewed literature on the incursion of the various denominational groups in Obowu land. The impacts of colonialism were understood through the review of Archival materials. The researcher consulted materials in the Archives that were the earliest written records on the area and the colonial accounts of anthropology of the people. The research presented precise account of the mythology of origin of the people and their developed systems of beliefs, economic life, festivals and political dynamics prior to the missionary in incursion. The research work projected missions that led the way of evangelization and list of other missions that joined later. The various methods adopted by the missions and their application of liberation theology endured their breakthrough in the contest that raged between mission and the traditional society. The implication had impact on both sides but the society owes much to Christianity. The current investigation into Christianity and Obowu traditional society as pioneering approach stands for appraisal.
This study has critically examined the human rights implications of recent sharia practice and enforcement in relation to the tenets of constitutional democracy in Nigeria. In line with this, it studied the nature and sources of sharia and evaluated their provisions on human rights. It equally explored the possibility of implementing sharia without infringing on the rights of individuals and corporate bodies in Nigeria. This research further examined the debate on the secularity of Nigeria and drew a response vis-à-vis sharia and human rights questions. It finally juxtaposed the notion of an Islamic state with the idea and practice of a modern constitutional democracy with a perspective on Nigeria. Useful suggestions such as Islamo-legal reform, de-politicization of Islam, adherence to state secularity principle, avoidance of fanaticism and fundamentalism, need for national and inter-religious dialogue, and so on, were made with a view to remedying the observed anomaly. This work largely employed a phenomenological method of data collection and analysis of the primary and secondary sources of Islamic law generally and sharia penal laws and practices of some northern Nigerian states on the one hand, and the 1999 constitution and tenets of modern democracy on the other hand. Thus, the study involved a critical analysis and examination of relevant scriptures, statutes and scholarly works including internet materials. Hermeneutical method also was used for the interpretation of the verses of the Koran, and the statutes referred to. Since the work made reference to human rights practices in other Islamic communities, the method of comparative analysis was germane for conducting an objective and comprehensive research on the subject matter. Ultimately, a structural-functional evaluative approach was used in examining the Islamic sharia practice in Nigeria in the light of the social roles of religion. The study established that, theoretically, provisions on human rights are contained in the sources of sharia. However, it is revealed that the practical implementation of sharia law violates, among others, some fundamental rights such as the right of minorities to practise the religion of their choices, the right to life, and the right to be free from cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, which attitudes in turn, violate Nigeria’s international human rights obligations. This work found out that the victims especially the minorities have sometimes reacted to this violation of their rights with violence, which incident had occasioned inter-religious conflicts that have claimed thousands of lives and property worth huge amount of money since the adoption of the recent sharia regime in 1999. This research equally discovered that in a multi-religious country like Nigeria, unlike in pure Islamic countries like Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, jurisdictional limitation of sharia enforcement to personal aspects would, among other factors, be helpful to the sustenance of democracy. This research has left an opening for further studies on the exegesis of the human right provisions of the sources of sharia, role of Islam on terrorism, and comparison of the human right practices in Islam and Christianity in Nigeria.
The evidence before us in this 21st century is pervasive and clear, that religion still exists and remains surprisingly vibrant and socially relevant. This is particularly true in Nigeria and in most of the rest of the world as well. As a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country, Nigeria is a pluralistic society. Constitutionally and in principle, Nigeria is a secular state that promotes freedom of worship, but the situation on ground is contrary to the expectation of the constitution. Successive Nigerian governments have at different times fallen into traps of getting involved in religious affairs. The study explores the constitutional adoption of secularism as a religious balancing device in Nigeria in other to pave way for mutual co-existence of the major religions and tribes in Nigeria, and to examine the pervasive politicization of religion in modern Nigeria. The study adopted ex-post-design in generating data for this study from documentary evidence using secondary sources method, and the data was analyzed using descriptive method. The work established the need to curtail the negative threats that religion poses to nation building and inform the constitutional adoption of secularism. The study recommended the need for the Nigerian government to ensure the supremacy of the constitution and to separate religion from politics. The study finally draws its conclusion that, it is possible for Nigeria to develop its form of secularism that can promote neutrality and freedom of worship in consideration of the pluralistic nature of the Nigerian society.
The thrust of this work, “Influence of Religion on the Nigerian Democracy” discussed the impacts of Religion on the Nigerian society which is being run under democratic governance. Historical research method was used in this thesis. The data collections, among other sources, were comprised of two major sources: primary and secondary sources. These data collections were analysed socially, critically and descriptively. It was found that positively, religion was credited with the following: the provision of African identity and political unity, curbed of evils, uplifting the human development of the society through education and health care sectors and other developments. Above all, it rehabilitated, restructured and reconstructed the society especially during and after the Nigerian civil war. Religion was and is still responsible for the following: some of the crisis in Nigeria, social instabilities, some irremedial evils, economic stagnation, derogation of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, insecurity of lives and property and the apparent shaky condition of Nigerian secular state. By these implications, it appears that religion has failed in its function in Nigerian society. In conclusion, the researcher advocated that religious personnel should endeavour to live out practically ethics of their religion. Ultimately, some synergies of actions are absolutely required between religious bodies (particularly between Christianity and Islam) and largely between religion and government in the society. This filial collaboration will enhance attainment of true democracy and more positive impacts of Religion in Nigeria.
The persistent increase in the rate of juvenile crimes in Nigeria and the abysmal failure by the diverse religious institutes to curb this problem have constituted a serious barrier to the country’s economic development since many young ones who epitomizes the nation’s future are enmeshed in moral decadence. Although the subject of juvenile delinquency is an age long problem, it seems that the juvenile delinquency of the past cannot be evaluated with that of the present era in Nigeria. The situation must however be understood against the backdrop of the flaws in fostering a genuine ethical cum religious teachings on the young ones by the diverse religious institutions that scattered across the country. The challenges of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria cannot be effectively discussed without highlighting the probable social costs of this endemic disease to Nigerian nation. Most uncurbed delinquencies has in recent times developed into violent crimes which the evidence is manifested in the activities of bombing by the boko haram sect and other violent groups in Nigeria. A nation with high religious profile and proliferation of churches and mosques ought to produce less delinquent children consequent upon the fact that religion encompasses sound religious indoctrination and ethical teachings which enthrones moral uprightness in the young ones. However, the most bothering questions that this research wants to solve are as follows; Why must there still be high rate of juvenile delinquency amidst many religious institutions in Nigeria? Why is the role of ethics in dealing with this delinquency problem being relegated? Can religion and ethical principles provide a possible solution to ameliorate this juvenile delinquency? What actually is the subject of juvenile crime and what popular theories including modernization surround it? When these question are not attended carefully, delinquent of today would certainly become the criminal of tomorrow. The aim of this research is to provide a lasting solution to the challenges of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria especially when the country is religiously increasing day by day and to draw back the attention of different religion in Nigeria on their places of loop holes. Qualitative research methodology which aims to gather an in-depth understanding of the concept and reasons that governs such idea was used in this work. It produces information through exploration only on the particular cases studied.
One of the problems confronting the Nigerian society is its high level of poverty which is evident in both rural and urban areas. Among other things, this study makes bare the causes and effects of poverty among Nigerians. However, the aim of the work is to examine how poverty could be reduced among Nigerians as this problem alarms various governmental and non-governmental organizations such that various poverty alleviation programs have been introduced both in the time past and at present. In this work, the reflections for the reduction of poverty in Nigeria would be done in the light of Deuteronomy 15: 7-18 which among other things highlights the right attitude which should be maintained towards the poor. Understandably, this study employs the rhetoric analysis methodology which is mainly used to study biblical passages that correspond with the form of sayings or statements. Therefore, this methodology is considered most appropriate for this work because the pericope under study contains numerous sayings. Findings from this work indicate that poverty can be reduced among Nigerians if the principles implied by the statements in Deuteronomy 15: 7-18 were followed by Nigerians.
Salvation (Soteriology) has come under severe attack on it's rightful concept and application from various schools of thought. There are numerous interpretations and application of the term saIvation. Most people apply it mainly on the dealing of one's sin, acceptance of the grace of forgiveness and peace with God. While other schools of thought view salvation not only in its narrow scope but from its wider scene embracing the outward aspect of salvation and the cosmic salvation of all.
This study examines the eechatologicel implication of St, Paul's teaching on the Resurrection in 1 Cor. 15. The Resurrection is an eschatological event,
Apart from addressing the issue of justice and peace in the Niger Delta, this
study applied a theological cum moral approach to what has been largely
perceived as social-political and / or socio-economic crisis. The findings of this
research is that there is, indeed, crisis in the Niger Delta region and it is not just
politically or economically oriented but more of a moral Issue
There is a general notion that Christianity is a whiteman religion arid thereby it is a recent arrival on the African soil. Therefore, the study focuses on Africa in God's plan as depicted in the New Testament perspective of African identity in Christianity
right from its inception.
The religious situation in which the New Testament church emerged was quite complex, a time of religious unrest. Palestine in the first half of the first century was a meeting place of varied cultural and religious streams.
Judaism was the most prominent religion of the Jews .It had various sects
that displayed religious intolerance .The world under Roman rule especially
as seen in the dissolution of traditional Greek, Homeric religion and the
rapid growth o,f mystery cults with their promise of meaningful life and
individual immorality ended in religious hostility.
The ethical norm of fasting has scriptural backing in the New and Old Testaments, yet to some Christians today fasting has entered the oblivion state. Because fasting is not essentially for Christians alone, it can be found in other world religions both ancient and modern. In fact, religion and fasting have gone together in greater or smaller measure from the beginning.
The issue of a religious faith establishing itself in a culture in which it is not indigenous has always been problematic. The religious faith being established usually is in jeopardy of being corrupted by the religion of the indigenous culture. This problem is manifest in the case of Yahwism in Canaanite culture as it is in Christianity within African culture.
%is study examines the eschatological implication of St, Paul's teaching on the Resurrection in 1 Cor. 15. The Resurrection is an eschatological event, Jesus' Resurrection is the birth of the eschatological resurrection, that is
the beginning of the eschatological process of resurrection and the basis for the hope of resurrection life for all mankind (at least of those who are 'in Christ' ).
An objective assessment of Nigeria's achievement since her independence shows clearly that the nationhood had been a catalogue of crises, indiscipline, human misery and wanton disregard of he value of human life. Based on the above statement of the problem, the major aims of this study are: to explore how religious/moral values can be applied in the thinking and actions of all Nigerians so as to promote the process of national development and unity in Nigeria. Information and data for this work were called from both primary and secondary sources.