The growing concern for the pervasiveness of low quality building trades craftsmen from Technical Colleges in Nigeria, with the consequent un-savouring instances of their unsuitability for immediate employment in the construction industry and the concomitant hindrances to sustainable living, prompted these research efforts. The study was aimed to identify and unravel the causal factors which hopefully will lead to the ultimate reversal of the ugly trend. The worrisome feedbacks from the construction industry and replete literature evidences of the products’ under achievement and lack of expressions for saleable skills had ceaselessly indicted the Technical Colleges, and underscored its achievement for failure in its responsibility to produce graduates to meet the requirements of the industry, without a needless back-up training which most companies were reluctant to undertake. After a careful preliminary assessment of the situation, the researcher resolved to examine the mode of curriculum implementation; and was uncomfortable with the prevalent age-long dogmatic instructional delivery methods employed in Technical Colleges to train the students, which might attribute to the culmination of the inherent half-baked and ill-prepared end products. With appropriate resources, qualified and experienced personnel on ground, investigation would next focus on the style of instructional delivery and curriculum implementation.
The study was carried out to identify strategies for motivating technical college students towards skill acquisition in wood work technology in Lagos state, Nigeria. To carry out the study, seven research questions were answered while seven null hypotheses were tested. Survey research design was adopted. The population for the study is 70 respondents which comprises of all 24 principals/vice principals and 46 teachers of wood work in the six technical colleges in Lagos State. Due to the manageable size of the population, the entire 70 subjects constituted the respondents from which data for the study were collected. Therefore, there was no sampling for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 107-item structured questionnaire. The questionnaire is made of two parts; One and two. Part one solicited information on personal data of the respondents while part two was structured into seven sections in line with the specific purposes of the study. The response options for the part two were 5-point Likert ratings of Strongly Agree (SA), Agree (A), Undecided (U), Disagree (D) and Strongly Disagree (SD) with corresponding values of 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 respectively.
The study developed Individualized Instructional Packages in Clothing and Textiles Crafts for teaching Home Economics students in Colleges of Education in North Central States, Nigeria.The study determined the following; objectives, tasks, material resources, step by step procedures, methods and evaluation activities, developed a draft based on feedback from specific purposes 1 – 6, validated the draft, revised the draft based on feedback from the validation and developed Individualised Instructional Packages in Clothing and Textiles Crafts. Eight research questions were answered by the study while eight null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted Research and Development (R and D) design. The study was carried out in five phases; Phase I determined the objectives, tasks, materials, step by step procedures, methods and evaluation activities to assess the objectives of each Clothing and Textiles Crafts. Phase II involved development of draft Individualized Instructional Packages in 12 Clothing and Textiles Crafts, Phase III validation of draft Individualized Instructional Packages, Phase IV testing for effectiveness of draft Individualized Instructional Packages and Phase V Revision of draft Individualized Instructional Packages. The study was conducted in North Central States, Nigeria. The population was 813 and in phases, phase I involved 813, Phase III 10 experts were involved while Phase 1V 630 students were involved. The sample size was 247 and in 3 phases; Phase I, 94 HECL, 75 FAAL, 14 MCM and 63 students. In phase III, 10 Validates comprising of 3 HECL, 5 FAAL, 2 MCM and phase 1V 63 students purposively sampled in the area of study.
The study adopted experimental research design, on selected condition or a change treatment. Observations or measurement are planned to illuminate effect or any change in conditions. Aimed at investigating the effects of local additives on the termites infested buildings. The area of the study was 30 Local Government Area. Predominate in these areas to use for various Building constructions. Lagos State. The population for the study comprised of termite infested buildings. This include public and private buildings in the State. There are 73,000 termite infested buildings in the State. Building that are susceptible to termites and other agents of Building degradations. It is noticeable that in these areas, Purposive sampling technique, 90 termite infested buildings was selected for the study three building was selected in each locality one building per sample. (3 x 30 = 90) termite infested buildings Different mixtures of the additives on the infested building components such as walls, windows, doors, floor, and roof. the purpose of the experiment. The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of condemned engine oil preservation in Lagos State. In specific, the study sought to determine following: The termite infested untreated buildings; The effect of condemned engine oil on the building infested site. The extent of deterioration of termite infested untreated building; The effect of condemned engine oil and kerosene on the extent of deterioration of termite infested treated building;
The major purpose of the study was to develop clothes with growth features for preschool children in Benue State, Nigeria. Ten specific purposes, seven research questions and five null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study at 0.05 level of significance. The design of the study was Research and Development (R and D) with six phases namely: Phase 1: Determining the Body Dimensions and growth features preferred, Phase 2: Designing Garments and Growth Features Preferred, Phase 3: Developing Patterns with Growth Features Preferred, Phase 4: Constructing the Prototype Garments, Phase 5: Developing Assessment Criteria Chart and Phase 6: Evaluating Prototype Garments. Population for the study was 40, 470 comprising of 40,004 preschool children, 200 mothers/caregivers, 16 lecturers and 250 tailors/seamstresses. The sample for the study was 600 respondents comprising of 380 preschool children randomly sampled, 200 mothers/ caregivers, sampled accidentally. 10 lecturers, 10 tailors/seamstresses and 10 mothers/caregivers were conveniently sampled.
The study was carried out to determine the effect of suggestopedia instructional technique on academic achievement, interest and retention of metal work students of technical colleges. Six research questions were answered while nine null hypotheses formulated were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted quasi experimental design and was carried out in Lagos State. The population for the study was 410 male and female students. The sample size for the study was 114 metalwork second year students which comprised 72 males and 42 females randomly selected from two technical colleges. The instruments for data collection were metalwork cognitive achievement test and metalwork interest inventory. To ensure content validity of the metalwork cognitive achievement test (MWCAT), a test blue print (Table of Specifications) was built for the test. The, MWCAT, metalwork technology interest inventory, suggestopedia instructional technique, metalwork technology lesson plan and the training plans for metalwork technology teachers and students were subjected to face validation by three experts. The MWCAT was trial tested for the purpose of determining the psychometric indices of the test. A total of 40 items of the MWCAT had good difficulty, discrimination and distractor indices. In addition to face -validation, the metalwork interest inventory was also subjected to construct validation using factor analysis.
This study evolved the sex education needs of adolescents in secondary school of Anambra state. Specifically, the study determined the sex related challenges (body changes, emotional changes and relationship with the opposite sex) of adolescents in secondary schools in Anambra State, the sex education knowledge needed by adolescents to cope with the sex related challenges, the sex education attitude required by adolescents to cope with the sex related challenges, the sex education skills needed by adolescents to cope with the sex related challenges, different ways of teaching sex education needs to adolescents in Anambra state. Five research questions and five null hypotheses guided the study at 0.05 level of significance. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population consisted of 93,060 respondents, these included 81,020 adolescents, 4,138 teachers and 7,902 parents. Multistage sampling technique was adopted in the selection of 300 adolescents, 43 parents, and 40 teachers as sample for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 81- item structured questionnaire. The instrument was subjected to face validation by three experts.
The main aim of this study was to develop a Peace Education curriculum for integration into senior secondary school Home Management programme in Rivers State. Specifically, the study sought to: determine objectives of Peace Education curriculum for integration into senior secondary school Home Management programme, determine content for Peace Education selected for Peace Education, find out methods for teaching Peace Education, determine instructional materials for teaching the content of Peace Education, determine the evaluation activities for assessing the achievement of the objectives of Peace Education curriculum for integration into senior secondary school Home Management programme. Seven research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted R and D design. It was carried out in five phases as follows: Phase i: Collecting data for Peace Education curriculum, Phase ii: Development of Peace Education curriculum, based on objectives, content, methods of teaching, instructional materials and evaluation activities, Phase iii: Validation of the Peace Education curriculum, Phase iv: Testing of Peace Education curriculum using Peace Education Test (PET) and Phase v: Revision of Peace Education curriculum based on information and comments from phases iii and iv. The population was made up of 650 subjects involving seven members group discussion, Social Studies and Home Economics lecturers, Social Studies and Home Economics students, senior staff of Ministries of Women Affairs, Social Work and Rehabilitation and Youth Education and Development, Secondary School Home Economics and Social Studies teachers and Home Management students.
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the Utilization of Nigerian fabrics for garment making among Academic and Non Academic female staff in Enugu State.The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The study was carried out using Academic and Non Academic female Staff in government tertiary institutions in Enugu State. Six research questions were developed and answered by the study; and five hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population of the study was fourteen thousand, eight hundred and forty one (14,841)female academic and non academic staff of government tertiary institutions in Enugu state. A sample of 494 respondents was drawn from the population using purposive and proportionate 5% sampling techniques. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire divided into two sections (A and B). Section A contained questions to elicit information on personal data of the respondents while Section B was developed based on the six research questions. The instrument had a four point rating scale of Strongly agree, Agree, Disagree and Strongly Disagree. The instrument was subjected to face-validation by three experts from the Department of Home Economics and Hospitality Management Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. To establish the reliability of the instrument, thirty (30) copies of questionnaire were trial tested on thirty (30) female workers in Abuja. Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used to establish the internal consistency of the instrument which yielded reliability coefficient of 0.82.The researcher administered and collected instrument with the help of three trained research assistants.
The study developed environmental risk reduction curriculum in textile production for Home Economics programme of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Seven research questions were answered by the study which include: (i) identification of instructional objectives, (ii) contents, (iii) instructional methods, (iv) instructional materials, (v) evaluation techniques and activities, (vi) appropriateness and (vii) effectiveness of the developed risk reduction curriculum in textile production. Five null hypotheses were tested at p < 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted Research and Development (R & D) design. The population for the study was 443 subjects which included 39 lecturers of Clothing and Textiles, 68 workers in textile industries and all the 336 final year students of Home Economics in the tertiary institutions in the area of study. Due to the manageable size, the entire population of 443 subjects constituted the respondents for the study. Three sets of instrument were used for data collection for this study which include: (i) Need Assessment Instrument (NAI), (ii) Environmental Risk Reduction in Textile Production Questionnaire (ERRTPQ) and (iii) Environmental Risk Reduction Achievement Test (ERRAT). The instruments were validated by five experts. To establish the internal consistency of the instrument, Cronbach Alpha (r) reliability method was used which yielded an overall coefficient of 0.84 for the ERRTPQ.
The major purpose of this study was to determine the teacher initiatives for utilizing ICTs in teaching and learning in Colleges of Education in Delta State. Four research questions were answered and four null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population for the study consisted of 2035 made up of 610, 723 and 702 teaching staff from Federal College of Education (Technical), Asaba, College of Education, Agbor and College of Education, Warri respectively, the three Colleges of Education in Delta State. The sample size for the study was 203, which represents 10% of the entire population and was determined through proportionate sampling technique. Descriptive survey design was used to generate data for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information for the study. The instrument was face validated by three research experts, two from the faculty of Vocational and Technical Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka and one from Federal College of Education (Technical), Asaba. The questionnaire was pilot tested with a sample of 30 teaching staff from two Colleges of Education in Enugu State. Cronbach Alpha reliability test was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument and this yielded a reliability coefficient of .82. Data were analysed using mean statistics for the research questions and ANOVA was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance.
A teacher is a person who gives instruction or lesson on a subject to human beings or animals. A teacher (also called a school teacher) is a person who provides education for students. MacLean and Mohr (2009) explained that the term teachers are subjective insiders involved in classroom instruction as they go about their daily routines or instructing students, grading papers, taking attendance, evaluating their performances as well as looking at the curriculum. Teachers raise questions about what they think and observe about their teaching and their student’s learning. They collect students work in order to evaluate performance, but they also see students work as data analyze in order to examine the teaching and learning that produced it”.
This study was carried out to determine the effect of learning objects in teaching and learning of computer appreciation. The study was based on mixed research design comprising quasi experimental, descriptive survey, and interview using focus group discussion guide. The area of the study is Enugu state. Data was collected from 66 students, 34 in the experimental group, 32 in the control group and 6 computer studies teachers. The Computer Appreciation Achievement Test (CAAT) was used to collect data for the experiments while questionnaire and focused group discussion were used to collect quantitative and qualitative data respectively from the teachers. The data were analyzed using the mean and the standard deviation. The results of the study reveal that there are statistically significant increase in the achievement of the students in the experimental group that received learning object. The results of the study also showed that learning object increased the achievement of both male and female students. The findings of the study showed that the teachers experienced problems using learning objects in teaching and learning computer appreciation. It was recommended that since the use of learning objects enhances the academic achievement of the students in computer appreciation, teachers and the students at all levels of education should adopt the use of learning object for instructional delivery. It was also recommended that seminars, workshops and conferences should be organized by state ministries of education where teachers will be taught the application and usage of various modern teaching techniques for effective teaching and learning of computer studies and other vocational subjects.
The study determined the effect of guided-discovery method on students’ academic achievement, interest and retention in financial accounting in Colleges of Education in North West, Nigeria. The study adopted quasi-experimental research design. The population for the study comprised 667 NCE I students offering financial accounting in nine Colleges of Education in North West, Nigeria. Random sampling technique was used to select Federal College of Education, Kano and Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan-Waya, Kafanchan. 80 financial accounting students from KSCOE, Gidan-waya and 60 financial accounting students in FCE Kano were used. The criteria for selecting the two Colleges of Education was based on colleges of education with approved financial accounting programme with final account of small scale enterprise, qualified financial accounting lecturers, and approved required facilities. The instrument for data collection was a 45-item multiple choice Financial Accounting Achievement Test (FAAT) and Financial Accounting Interest Inventory Scale (FAIIS). The instruments were subjected to face and content validation by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using K-R-20 and Cronbach Alpha coefficient formula which yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.98 and 0.91 respectively after administering the instrument on Federal College of Education Zaria. Before the commencement of the experiment, all students in experimental and control groups were subjected to pre-test in order to obtain the pre-test scores for the study. On completion of the experiment, the post-test was administered with the post post-test scores collected two weeks after the post-test.
This study was designed to determine the effects of fieldtrip and land laboratory activities on students’ achievement and interest in poultry production in Senior Secondary Schools in Nsukka Local government Area, Enugu State. Six research questions were answered while six null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design and was carried out in Nsukka, Enugu State. The population of the study was 1,671 senior Secondary School two students in Nsukka Local Government Area. The sample for the study was 104 students offering agricultural science in senior secondary school II, made up of 50 males and 54 females and is selected using simple random sampling technique. Instruments for data collection were a 53 – item multiple choice Poultry Production Achievement Test (PPAT) and Poultry Production Interest Inventory (PPII). The Lesson Plans, PPAT and PPII were validated by five experts. The reliability of the PPAT was established using Kuder Richardson 21 (K-R 21) Formular in which a coefficient of 0.85 was obtained; while Cronbach Alpha method was used to determine the internal consistency of the PPII in which a coefficient of 0.81 was obtained. The experiment was carried out during the normal school hour following the school timetable for senior classes. The duration of the experiment was seven weeks,. The data collected for this study were analyzed using mean to answer the research questions and analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study found out that land laboratory activities increased students achievement in poultry production more than the field trip activities.