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In Nigeria, circumcision of females varies among different tribal groups, the type of operation employed being determined by traditional and religious beliefs. In the Muslim North, the Sunna Circumcision being the variety advocated by most authorities on Islam, is popular. Among the mainly Christian and Animist Igbos of the South however, the procedure of choice is the Simple Excision, called "Ibe-Ugwu", in which the clitoris is excised, with or without the labia minora. Infibulation, or "Pharoanic Circumcision", which involves the removal of the clitoris, the labia minora and majora, with near obliteration of the introitus, is uncommon in Nigeria.
In a previous articlehe presented details of the Simple Excision method as practised in Igboland of Nigeria. This paper discusses the management of urinary complications following the operation
Nigeria's Government has lost the latest battle in the war against the unions. The government has to pressure and moderated its planned petrol price rises. But economists say the government is storing up trouble for itself in the future.
Bulletin of the Institute of African studies University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Human being is the important among other animals in the world, because he is the major instrument of development, achievement and nation building. Therefore, he has to be taken proper care of so that the nation continues to be developed.
Nigeria as a nation was on the hand of traditional rulers in their respective ethnic groups. At that time there was nothing like presidents, governors and also council chairmen. Shortly, the British came in and took over the administration of the country.
In all organizations, commercial and otherwise, management is instituted to organize production in line with set objectives.
Total Quality Management (TQM) is defined as creating an organizational culture committed to the continuous improvement of skills, team work, processes, product/service quality and customer satisfaction (Unamka : 2003).
Management thinking today is dominated by one word 'excellence'. All over the world organization, whether public or privately owned are expressing their commitment to excellence.
Laundry services is one of the very vital services of ant hotel. Hence, this issue should be properly addressed by the management. In a careful study of the operation of the laundry department, it is obvious that the main problem is that four accounting control leading to operational inefficiency.
Ikoro is a bulletin of the Institute of African Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
Ikoro is a bulletin of the Institute of African Studies University of Nigeria Nsukka. It is designed to provide information on the activities of the Institute and to document the progress and results of projects of its research fellows and of other scholars in the area of African Studies especially in the region of Southeastern Nigeria.